Entry types for references

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The different entry types in the Living Reviews citation style are listed below with their required and optional fields. Examples are given in BibTeX.

@article
Article published in a newspaper, journal, magazine, or e-journal.
Required fields:
author, title, year, journal, volume, pages or eid
Optional fields:
url or onlineversion, cited, note, adsurl, eprint, doi

Example:

@article{AntiaBasu2000,
  adsurl   = {http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000ApJ...541..442A},
  author   = {Antia, H.M. and Basu, S.},
  doi      = {10.1086/309421},
  eprint   = {arXiv:astro-ph/0004335},
  journal  = {Astrophys. J.},
  pages    = {442--448},
  title    = {Temporal Variations of the Rotation Rate in the Solar Interior},
  volume   = {541},
  year     = {2000}
}
@online
Resources available online: includes entire websites, animations, or software.
For articles published in an e-journal use entry type “article”.
For articles published only on a preprint server use entry type “preprint”.
Required fields:
title, publisher, url, cited, format
Optional fields:
author, year, note, doi

Example:

@online{pmod,
  author    = {Fr{\"{o}}hlich, C.},
  format    = {project homepage},
  publisher = {PMOD-WRC},
  title     = {PMOD Composite Total Solar Irradiance},
  url       = {http://www.pmodwrc.ch/pmod.php?topic=tsi/composite/SolarConstant}
}
@preprint
Article only available on a preprint server.
Required fields:
archiveprefix, author, title, year, eprint, cited
Optional fields:
note, adsurl, url, doi

Example:

@preprint{oliveira,
  archiveprefix = {arXiv},
  author        = {de Oliveira, H.P. and Rodrigues, E.L.},
  eprint        = {0809.2837},
  primaryclass  = {gr-qc},
  title         = {A Galerkin approach for the Bondi problem},
  year          = {2008}
}
@unpublished
Print articles not formally published. Includes articles in preparation, submitted or accepted for publication.
Required fields:
author, title, format
Optional fields:
booktitle, conference, year, journal, url or onlineversion, cited, note, adsurl, eprint

Example:

@unpublished{hathawayLR,
  author   = {Hathaway, D.},
  format   = {submitted},
  journal  = {Living Rev. Solar Phys.},
  title    = {The Solar Cycle},
  year     = {2008}
}
@proceedings
Conference proceedings (citing the full document).
Required fields:
editor, title, year, publisher, address
Optional fields:
conference, volume, edition, series, number, organization, url or onlineversion, cited, note, adsurl, eprint, doi, gbs_id

Example:

@proceedings{2007sota.conf.....H,
  address    = {Cambridge; New York},
  adsurl     = {http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007sota.conf.....H},
  conference = {Invited reviews from speakers at a workshop held at the
Isaac Newton Institute, Cambridge, 8\,--\,12 November 2004},
  editor     = {Hughes, D.W. and Rosner, R. and Weiss, N.O.},
  publisher  = {Cambridge University Press},
  title      = {The Solar Tachocline},
  year       = {2007}
}
@inproceedings
Paper published in conference proceedings.
Required fields:
author, editor, title, booktitle, year, publisher, address, pages or eid
Optional fields:
conference, volume, edition, series, number, organization, url or onlineversion, cited, note, adsurl, eprint, doi, gbs_id

Example:

@inproceedings{2005ESASP.596E..14P,
  address    = {Noordwijk},
  adsurl     = {http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005ESASP.596E..14P},
  author     = {Peter, H. and Gudiksen, B.V. and Nordlund, {\AA}.},
  booktitle  = {Chromospheric and Coronal Magnetic Fields},
  conference = {Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference on Chromospheric
and Coronal Magnetic Fields, 30 August\,--\,2 September 2005, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany},
  editor     = {Innes, D.E. and Lagg, A. and Solanki, S.A. and Danesy, D.},
  publisher  = {ESA Publications Division},
  series     = {ESA Conference Proceedings},
  title      = {Coronal Heating Through Braiding of Magnetic Field Lines Synthesized
Coronal EUV Emission and Magnetic Structure},
  volume     = {SP-596},
  year       = {2005}
}
@book
Book, including a collection of articles published by an editor (citing the full book).
Required fields:
author or editor, title, year, publisher, address
Optional fields:
volume, edition, series, number, url or onlineversion, cited, note, adsurl, eprint, doi, gbs_id

Example:

@book{Benz2002,
  address   = {Dordrecht; Boston},
  author    = {Benz, A.O.},
  edition   = {2nd},
  gbs_id    = {IqJSCMt4Qf0C},
  publisher = {Kluwer},
  series    = {Astrophysics and Space Science Library},
  title     = {Plasma Astrophysics: Kinetic Processes in Solar and Stellar Coronae},
  volume    = {279},
  year      = {2002}
}
@inbook
Specific chapter of a book, where the whole book was written by the same author(s). If the book contains a collection of articles by various authors, rather use entry type “incollection”.
Required fields:
author, booktitle, year, publisher, address, pages or eid
Optional fields:
title, volume, edition, series, chapter, number, url or onlineversion, cited, note, adsurl, eprint, doi, gbs_id

Example:

@inbook{korn-61,
  address   = {New York},
  author    = {Korn, G.A. and Korn, T.M.},
  booktitle = {Mathematical Handbook for Scientists and Engineers: Definitions, Theorems,
and Formulas for Reference and Review},
  chapter   = {6},
  pages     = {179--186},
  publisher = {McGraw-Hill},
  year      = {1961}
}
@incollection
Usually a specific chapter of a book which is a collection of articles by various authors. If you want to cite the whole book, use entry type “book”. If the whole book was written by the same auhtor(s), use entry type “inbook”.
Required fields:
author, editor, title, booktitle, year, publisher, address, pages or eid
Optional fields:
volume, edition, series, chapter, number, url or onlineversion, cited, note, adsurl, eprint, doi, gbs_id

Example:

@incollection{jl87,
  address   = {Dordrecht; Boston},
  adsurl    = {http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1987euwi.book..259J},
  author    = {Jordan, C. and Linsky, J.L.},
  booktitle = {Exploring the Universe with the IUE Satellite},
  editor    = {Kondo, Y.},
  pages     = {259--293},
  publisher = {D. Reidel},
  series    = {Astrophysics and Space Science Library},
  title     = {Chromospheres and Transition Regions},
  volume    = {129},
  year      = {1987}
}
@phdthesis
Doctoral thesis or Habilitational thesis.
Required fields:
author, title, year, school, address
Optional fields:
url or onlineversion, cited, note, adsurl, eprint, doi

Example:

@phdthesis{DeVore1986,
  address  = {Princeton},
  author   = {DeVore, C.R.},
  school   = {Princeton University},
  title    = {Theory and Simulation of the Evolution of the Large-Scale Solar Magnetic Field},
  year     = {1986}
}
@techreport
Technical report.
Required fields:
title, year, publisher, address
Optional fields:
author, editor, number, url or onlineversion, cited, series, note, adsurl, eprint, doi

Example:

@techreport{Tsynkov1996,
  address   = {Hampton},
  author    = {Tsynkov, S.V.},
  number    = {110265},
  publisher = {NASA Langley Research Center},
  series    = {NASA Technical Memorandum},
  title     = {Artificial Boundary Conditions Based on the Difference Potentials Method},
  year      = {1996}
}
@newspaperarticle
Article published in a daily newspaper.
Required fields:
title, year, month, day, newspaper, pages or eid
Optional fields:
author, pages, url or onlineversion, cited, note, adsurl, eprint, doi

Example:

@newspaperarticle{nyt33,
  author    = {Anon.},
  day       = {5},
  month     = {May},
  newspaper = {New York Times},
  title     = {New radio waves traced to centre of the Milky Way},
  year      = {1933}
}
@misc
Catchall category to use for, e.g. private communication, but also CD-ROMs, etc.
If an online version is available use entry type “online”.
Required fields:
author, format
Optional fields:
title, year, month, note, adsurl

Example:

@misc{rempel_communication2002,
  author   = {Rempel, M.},
  format   = {personal communication},
  year     = {2002}
}