Living Reviews in Solar Physics

"Solar Adaptive Optics"
Thomas R. Rimmele and Jose Marino  

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1 Introduction
2 Adaptive Optics Basics
2.1 Atmospheric turbulence
2.2 Design of an AO system
2.3 Solar AO challenges: difference between night and day
3 A Brief History of Solar AO
4 The Correlating Shack–Hartmann Wavefront Sensor
5 AO System Implementation
5.1 DST AO system: an example
5.2 Wavefront sensor
5.3 Wavefront sensor and reconstructor processor unit
5.4 Deformable mirror
6 AO76 System Performance and Wavefront Error Budget
6.1 Predicted performance based on error budget
6.2 Measured performance of AO
6.3 Long exposure PSF estimation from AO telemetry
6.4 Measured AO system performance
7 The Case for Post-Facto Processing
7.1 Short exposure
7.2 Long exposure
8 Overview of Operational Solar AO Systems
8.1 The Swedish Solar Telecope (SST) AO system
8.2 Kiepenheuer Institute Adaptive Optics System (KAOS)
8.3 Adaptive optics for the infrared at the McMath–Pierce Telescope
8.4 Systems under development
9 Future Developments
9.1 AO for large aperture solar telescopes
9.2 Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics (MCAO)
9.3 Ground-Layer Adaptive Optics (GLAO)
10 Summary
11 Acknowledgements
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