Vol. 8 (2011) > lrsp-2011-2

doi: 10.12942/lrsp-2011-2
Living Rev. Solar Phys. 8 (2011), 2

Solar Adaptive Optics

1 National Solar Observatory, PO Box 62, Sunspot, NM 88340, U.S.A.
2 National Solar Observatory, PO Box 62, Sunspot, NM 88340, U.S.A.

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Article Abstract

Adaptive optics (AO) has become an indispensable tool at ground-based solar telescopes. AO enables the ground-based observer to overcome the adverse effects of atmospheric seeing and obtain diffraction limited observations. Over the last decade adaptive optics systems have been deployed at major ground-based solar telescopes and revitalized ground-based solar astronomy. The relatively small aperture of solar telescopes and the bright source make solar AO possible for visible wavelengths where the majority of solar observations are still performed. Solar AO systems enable diffraction limited observations of the Sun for a significant fraction of the available observing time at ground-based solar telescopes, which often have a larger aperture than equivalent space based observatories, such as HINODE. New ground breaking scientific results have been achieved with solar adaptive optics and this trend continues. New large aperture telescopes are currently being deployed or are under construction. With the aid of solar AO these telescopes will obtain observations of the highly structured and dynamic solar atmosphere with unprecedented resolution. This paper reviews solar adaptive optics techniques and summarizes the recent progress in the field of solar adaptive optics. An outlook to future solar AO developments, including a discussion of Multi-Conjugate AO (MCAO) and Ground-Layer AO (GLAO) will be given.

Keywords: Solar telescopes, Multi-conjugate adaptive optics, Adaptive optics, Imaging systems, Wavefront sensor, Solar observations, Ground-layer adaptive optics, Deformable mirrors, Atmospheric turbulence

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Since a Living Reviews in Solar Physics article may evolve over time, please cite the access <date>, which uniquely identifies the version of the article you are referring to:

Thomas R. Rimmele and Jose Marino,
"Solar Adaptive Optics",
Living Rev. Solar Phys. 8,  (2011),  2. URL (cited on <date>):

Article History

ORIGINAL http://www.livingreviews.org/lrsp-2011-2
Title Solar Adaptive Optics
Author Thomas R. Rimmele / Jose Marino
Date accepted 5 June 2011, published 10 June 2011
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