Acton, L.W., Finch, M.L., Gilbreth, C.W., Culhane, J.L., Bentley, R.D., Bowles, J.A., Guttridge, P., Gabriel, A.H., Firth, J.G. and Hayes, R.W., 1980, “The soft X-ray polychromator for the Solar Maximum Mission”, Solar Phys., 65, 53–71. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Antiochos, S.K., 1984, “A dynamic model for the solar transition region”, Astrophys. J., 280, 416–422. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Antiochos, S.K. and Noci, G., 1986, “The structure of the static corona and transition region”, Astrophys. J., 301, 440–447. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Antiochos, S.K., MacNeice, P.J., Spicer, D.S. and Klimchuk, J.A., 1999, “The Dynamic Formation of Prominence Condensations”, Astrophys. J., 512, 985–991. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/9808199]
Antiochos, S.K., Karpen, J.T., DeLuca, E.E., Golub, L. and Hamilton, P., 2003, “Constraints on Active Region Coronal Heating”, Astrophys. J., 590, 547–553. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Antolin, P., Shibata, K., Kudoh, T., Shiota, D. and Brooks, D., 2008, “Predicting Observational Signatures of Coronal Heating by Alfvén Waves and Nanoflares”, Astrophys. J., 688, 669–682. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Argiroffi, C., Peres, G., Orlando, S. and Reale, F., 2008, “The flaring and quiescent components of the solar corona”, Astron. Astrophys., 488, 1069–1077. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0805.2685]
Aschwanden, M.J., 1999, “Do EUV Nanoflares Account for Coronal Heating?”, Solar Phys., 190, 233–247. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Aschwanden, M.J., 2001, “Revisiting the Determination of the Coronal Heating Function from Yohkoh Data”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 559, L171–L174. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Aschwanden, M.J., 2002, “The Differential Emission Measure Distribution in the Multiloop Corona”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 580, L79–L83. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Aschwanden, M.J., 2004, Physics of the Solar Corona: An Introduction, Springer; Praxis, Berlin; New York; Chichester. [External LinkADS], [External LinkGoogle Books]
Aschwanden, M.J. and Nightingale, R.W., 2005, “Elementary Loop Structures in the Solar Corona Analyzed from TRACE Triple-Filter Images”, Astrophys. J., 633, 499–517. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Aschwanden, M.J. and Nitta, N., 2000, “The Effect of Hydrostatic Weighting on the Vertical Temperature Structure of the Solar Corona”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 535, L59–L62. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0004093]
Aschwanden, M.J., Fletcher, L., Schrijver, C.J. and Alexander, D., 1999a, “Coronal Loop Oscillations Observed with the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer”, Astrophys. J., 520, 880–894. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Aschwanden, M.J., Newmark, J.S., Delaboudinière, J.-P., Neupert, W.M., Klimchuk, J.A., Gary, G.A., Portier-Fozzani, F. and Zucker, A., 1999b, “Three-dimensional Stereoscopic Analysis of Solar Active Region Loops. I. SOHO/EIT Observations at Temperatures of (1.0 1.5) × 106 K”, Astrophys. J., 515, 842–867. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Aschwanden, M.J., Nightingale, R.W. and Alexander, D., 2000, “Evidence for Nonuniform Heating of Coronal Loops Inferred from Multithread Modeling of TRACE Data”, Astrophys. J., 541, 1059–1077. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Aschwanden, M.J., Poland, A.I. and Rabin, D.M., 2001, “The New Solar Corona”, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 39, 175–210. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Aschwanden, M.J., De Pontieu, B., Schrijver, C.J. and Title, A.M., 2002, “Transverse Oscillations in Coronal Loops Observed with TRACE II. Measurements of Geometric and Physical Parameters”, Solar Phys., 206, 99–132. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Aschwanden, M.J., Nightingale, R.W. and Boerner, P., 2007, “A Statistical Model of the Inhomogeneous Corona Constrained by Triple-Filter Measurements of Elementary Loop Strands with TRACE”, Astrophys. J., 656, 577–597. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Aschwanden, M.J., Nitta, N.V., Wuelser, J.-P. and Lemen, J.R., 2008a, “First 3D Reconstructions of Coronal Loops with the STEREO A+B Spacecraft. II. Electron Density and Temperature Measurements”, Astrophys. J., 680, 1477–1495. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Aschwanden, M.J., Wülser, J.-P., Nitta, N.V. and Lemen, J.R., 2008b, “First Three-Dimensional Reconstructions of Coronal Loops with the STEREO A and B Spacecraft. I. Geometry”, Astrophys. J., 679, 827–842. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Aschwanden, M.J., Wuelser, J.-P., Nitta, N.V., Lemen, J.R. and Sandman, A., 2009, “First Three-Dimensional Reconstructions of Coronal Loops with the STEREO A+B Spacecraft. III. Instant Stereoscopic Tomography of Active Regions”, Astrophys. J., 695, 12–29. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bartoe, J.-D.F., Brueckner, G.E., Purcell, J.D. and Tousey, R., 1977, “Extreme ultraviolet spectrograph ATM experiment S082B”, Appl. Optics, 16, 879–886. [External LinkADS]
Beliën, A.J.C., Martens, P.C.H. and Keppens, R., 1999, “Coronal Heating by Resonant Absorption: The Effects of Chromospheric Coupling”, Astrophys. J., 526, 478–493. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Benz, A.O., 2008, “Flare Observations”, Living Rev. Solar Phys., 5, lrsp-2008-1. [External LinkADS]. URL (accessed 26 October 2010):
Berger, T.E., De Pontieu, B., Fletcher, L., Schrijver, C.J., Tarbell, T.D. and Title, A.M., 1999a, “What is Moss?”, Solar Phys., 190, 409–418. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Berger, T.E., De Pontieu, B., Schrijver, C.J. and Title, A.M., 1999b, “High-resolution Imaging of the Solar Chromosphere/Corona Transition Region”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 519, L97–L100. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Berghmans, D. and Clette, F., 1999, “Active region EUV transient brightenings: First Results by EIT of SOHO JOP 80”, Solar Phys., 186, 207–229. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Berton, R. and Sakurai, T., 1985, “Stereoscopic determination of the three-dimensional geometry of coronal magnetic loops”, Solar Phys., 96, 93–111. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Betta, R., Peres, G., Reale, F. and Serio, S., 1997, “An adaptive grid code for high resolution 1-D hydrodynamics of the solar and stellar transition region and corona”, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl., 122, 585–592. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Betta, R.M., Peres, G., Reale, F. and Serio, S., 2001, “Coronal loop hydrodynamics. The solar flare observed on November 12, 1980 revisited: The UV line emission”, Astron. Astrophys., 380, 341–346. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0110514]
Beveridge, C., Longcope, D.W. and Priest, E.R., 2003, “A model for elemental coronal flux loops”, Solar Phys., 216, 27–40. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bohlin, J.D., Frost, K.J., Burr, P.T., Guha, A.K. and Withbroe, G.L., 1980, “Solar Maximum Mission”, Solar Phys., 65, 5–14. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Borrini, G. and Noci, G., 1982, “Non-equilibrium ionization in coronal loops”, Solar Phys., 77, 153–166. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bradshaw, S.J. and Cargill, P.J., 2005, “The cooling of coronal plasmas”, Astron. Astrophys., 437, 311–317. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bradshaw, S.J. and Cargill, P.J., 2006, “Explosive heating of low-density coronal plasma”, Astron. Astrophys., 458, 987–995. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bradshaw, S.J. and Cargill, P.J., 2010, “The Cooling of Coronal Plasmas. III. Enthalpy Transfer as a Mechanism for Energy Loss”, Astrophys. J., 717, 163–174. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bradshaw, S.J. and Mason, H.E., 2003, “The radiative response of solar loop plasma subject to transient heating”, Astron. Astrophys., 407, 1127–1138. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bray, R.J., Cram, L.E., Durrant, C. and Loughhead, R.E., 1991, Plasma loops in the solar corona, vol. 18 of Cambridge Astrophysics Series, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. [External LinkADS]
Brekke, P., 1993, “Observed redshifts in O V and downflows in the solar transition region”, Astrophys. J., 408, 735–743. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Brekke, P., 1999, “Observations of Transition Region Plasma”, Solar Phys., 190, 379–408. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Brekke, P., Kjeldseth-Moe, O. and Harrison, R.A., 1997, “High-Velocity Flows in an Active Region Loop System Observed with the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer (CDS) on SOHO”, Solar Phys., 175, 511–521. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Brickhouse, N.S. and Schmelz, J.T., 2006, “The Transparency of Solar Coronal Active Regions”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 636, L53–L56. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0511683]
Brković, A., Landi, E., Landini, M., Rüedi, I. and Solanki, S.K., 2002, “Models for solar magnetic loops. II. Comparison with SOHO-CDS observations on the solar disk”, Astron. Astrophys., 383, 661–677. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Brooks, D.H., Ugarte-Urra, I. and Warren, H.P., 2008, “The Role of Transient Brightenings in Heating the Solar Corona”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 689, L77–L80. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Brosius, J.W., Davila, J.M., Thomas, R.J. and Monsignori-Fossi, B.C., 1996, “Measuring Active and Quiet-Sun Coronal Plasma Properties with Extreme-Ultraviolet Spectra from SERTS”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 106, 143. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Browning, P.K., Gerrard, C., Hood, A.W., Kevis, R. and van der Linden, R.A.M., 2008, “Heating the corona by nanoflares: simulations of energy release triggered by a kink instability”, Astron. Astrophys., 485, 837–848. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Buchlin, E. and Velli, M., 2007, “Shell Models of RMHD Turbulence and the Heating of Solar Coronal Loops”, Astrophys. J., 662, 701–714. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0606610]
Buchlin, E., Cargill, P.J., Bradshaw, S.J. and Velli, M., 2007, “Profiles of heating in turbulent coronal magnetic loops”, Astron. Astrophys., 469, 347–354. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0702748]
Cargill, P.J., 1993, “The Fine Structure of a Nanoflare-Heated Corona”, Solar Phys., 147, 263–268. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Cargill, P.J., 1994, “Some implications of the nanoflare concept”, Astrophys. J., 422, 381–393. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Cargill, P.J., 1995, “Diagnostics of Coronal Heating”, in Infrared Tools for Solar Astrophysics: What’s Next?, (Eds.) Kuhn, J.R., Penn, M.J., Proceedings of the Fifteenth NSO/Sac Peak Workshop, 19 – 23 September 1994, Sunspot, New Mexico, p. 17, World Scientific, Singapore. [External LinkADS]
Cargill, P.J. and Klimchuk, J.A., 1997, “A Nanoflare Explanation for the Heating of Coronal Loops Observed by YOHKOH”, Astrophys. J., 478, 799. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Cargill, P.J. and Klimchuk, J.A., 2004, “Nanoflare Heating of the Corona Revisited”, Astrophys. J., 605, 911–920. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Cargill, P.J. and Klimchuk, J.A., 2006, “On the Temperature-Emission Measure Distribution in Stellar Coronae”, Astrophys. J., 643, 438–443. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Cargill, P.J. and Priest, E.R., 1980, “Siphon flows in coronal loops: I. Adiabatic flow”, Solar Phys., 65, 251–269. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Cassak, P.A., Mullan, D.J. and Shay, M.A., 2008, “From Solar and Stellar Flares to Coronal Heating: Theory and Observations of How Magnetic Reconnection Regulates Coronal Conditions”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 676, L69–L72. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0710.3399]
Chae, J., Schühle, U. and Lemaire, P., 1998a, “SUMER Measurements of Nonthermal Motions: Constraints on Coronal Heating Mechanisms”, Astrophys. J., 505, 957–973. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Chae, J., Wang, H., Lee, C.-Y., Goode, P.R. and Schuhle, U., 1998b, “Chromospheric Upflow Events Associated with Transition Region Explosive Events”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 504, L123. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Cheng, C.-C., Oran, E.S., Doschek, G.A., Boris, J.P. and Mariska, J.T., 1983, “Numerical simulations of loops heated to solar flare temperatures. I”, Astrophys. J., 265, 1090–1119. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Cirtain, J.W., Del Zanna, G., DeLuca, E.E., Mason, H.E., Martens, P.C.H. and Schmelz, J.T., 2007, “Active Region Loops: Temperature Measurements as a Function of Time from Joint TRACE and SOHO CDS Observations”, Astrophys. J., 655, 598–605. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Craig, I.J.D., McClymont, A.N. and Underwood, J.H., 1978, “The Temperature and Density Structure of Active Region Coronal Loops”, Astron. Astrophys., 70, 1. [External LinkADS]
Culhane, L., Harra, L.K., Baker, D., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L., Sun, J., Doschek, G.A., Brooks, D.H., Lundquist, L.L., Kamio, S., Young, P.R. and Hansteen, V.H., 2007, “Hinode EUV Study of Jets in the Sun’s South Polar Corona”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, 59, S751–S756. [External LinkADS]
Davila, J.M., 1987, “Heating of the solar corona by the resonant absorption of Alfvén waves”, Astrophys. J., 317, 514–521. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
De Groof, A., Berghmans, D., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L. and Poedts, S., 2004, “Intensity variations in EIT shutterless mode: Waves or flows?”, Astron. Astrophys., 415, 1141–1151. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
De Moortel, I., Ireland, J., Walsh, R.W. and Hood, A.W., 2002, “Longitudinal intensity oscillations in coronal loops observed with TRACE I. Overview of Measured Parameters”, Solar Phys., 209, 61–88. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
De Pontieu, B., McIntosh, S.W., Carlsson, M., Hansteen, V.H., Tarbell, T.D., Schrijver, C.J., Title, A.M., Shine, R.A., Tsuneta, S., Katsukawa, Y., Ichimoto, K., Suematsu, Y., Shimizu, T. and Nagata, S., 2007, “Chromospheric Alfvénic Waves Strong Enough to Power the Solar Wind”, Science, 318, 1574–1577. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
De Pontieu, B., McIntosh, S.W., Hansteen, V.H. and Schrijver, C.J., 2009, “Observing the roots of solar coronal heating – in the chromosphere”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 701, L1–L6. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0906.5434]
DeForest, C.E., 2007, “On the Size of Structures in the Solar Corona”, Astrophys. J., 661, 532–542. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0610178]
Del Zanna, G., 2008, “Flows in active region loops observed by Hinode EIS”, Astron. Astrophys., 481, L49–L52. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Del Zanna, G. and Mason, H.E., 2003, “Solar active regions: SOHO/CDS and TRACE observations of quiescent coronal loops”, Astron. Astrophys., 406, 1089–1103. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Delaboudinière, J.-P., Artzner, G.E., Brunaud, J., Gabriel, A.H., Hochedez, J.F., Millier, F., Song, X.Y., Au, B., Dere, K.P., Howard, R.A., Kreplin, R., Michels, D.J., Moses, J.D., Defise, J.M., Jamar, C., Rochus, P., Chauvineau, J.P., Marioge, J.P., Catura, R.C., Lemen, J.R., Shing, L., Stern, R.A., Gurman, J.B., Neupert, W.M., Maucherat, A., Clette, F., Cugnon, P. and van Dessel, E.L., 1995, “EIT: Extreme-Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope for the SOHO Mission”, Solar Phys., 162, 291–312. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Démoulin, P., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L., Mandrini, C.H., Klimchuk, J.A. and Harra, L., 2003, “The Long-Term Evolution of AR 7978: Testing Coronal Heating Models”, Astrophys. J., 586, 592–605. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Dere, K.P., 1982, “Extreme ultraviolet spectra of solar active regions and their analysis”, Solar Phys., 77, 77–93. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Dere, K.P., 2008, “The plasma filling factor of coronal bright points. Coronal bright points”, Astron. Astrophys., 491, 561–566. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Dere, K.P., 2009, “The plasma filling factor of coronal bright points. II. Combined EIS and TRACE results”, Astron. Astrophys., 497, 287–290. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Dere, K.P., Bartoe, J.-D.F. and Brueckner, G.E., 1986, “Outflows and ejections in the solar transition zone”, Astrophys. J., 310, 456–462. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Dere, K.P., Bartoe, J.-D.F. and Brueckner, G.E., 1989, “Explosive events in the solar transition zone”, Solar Phys., 123, 41–68. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
DeRosa, M.L., Schrijver, C.J., Barnes, G., Leka, K.D., Lites, B.W., Aschwanden, M.J., Amari, T., Canou, A., McTiernan, J.M., Régnier, S., Thalmann, J.K., Valori, G., Wheatland, M.S., Wiegelmann, T., Cheung, M.C.M., Conlon, P.A., Fuhrmann, M., Inhester, B. and Tadesse, T., 2009, “A Critical Assessment of Nonlinear Force-Free Field Modeling of the Solar Corona for Active Region 10953”, Astrophys. J., 696, 1780–1791. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0902.1007]
Di Giorgio, S., Reale, F. and Peres, G., 2003, “CDS/SoHO multi-line observation of a solar active region: Detection of a hot stable loop and of a cool dynamic loop”, Astron. Astrophys., 406, 323–335. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Di Matteo, V., Reale, F., Peres, G. and Golub, L., 1999, “Analysis and comparison of loop structures imaged with NIXT and Yohkoh/SXT”, Astron. Astrophys., 342, 563–574. [External LinkADS]
Domingo, V., Fleck, B. and Poland, A.I., 1995, “The SOHO Mission: an Overview”, Solar Phys., 162, 1–37. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Doschek, G.A., Bohlin, J.D. and Feldman, U., 1976, “Doppler wavelength shifts of transition zone lines measured in SKYLAB solar spectra”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 205, L177–L180. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Doschek, G.A., Boris, J.P., Cheng, C.C., Mariska, J.T. and Oran, E.S., 1982, “A Numerical Simulation of Cooling Coronal Flare Plasma”, Astrophys. J., 258, 373. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Doschek, G.A., Mariska, J.T., Warren, H.P., Brown, C.M., Culhane, J.L., Hara, H., Watanabe, T., Young, P.R. and Mason, H.E., 2007a, “Nonthermal Velocities in Solar Active Regions Observed with the Extreme-Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer on Hinode”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 667, L109–L112. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Doschek, G.A., Mariska, J.T., Warren, H.P., Culhane, L., Watanabe, T., Young, P.R., Mason, H.E. and Dere, K.P., 2007b, “The Temperature and Density Structure of an Active Region Observed with the Extreme-Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer on Hinode”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, 59, 707. [External LinkADS]
Doschek, G.A., Warren, H.P., Mariska, J.T., Muglach, K., Culhane, J.L., Hara, H. and Watanabe, T., 2008, “Flows and Nonthermal Velocities in Solar Active Regions Observed with the EUV Imaging Spectrometer on Hinode: A Tracer of Active Region Sources of Heliospheric Magnetic Fields?”, Astrophys. J., 686, 1362–1371. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0807.2860]
Dudok de Wit, T. and Auchère, F., 2007, “Multispectral analysis of solar EUV images: linking temperature to morphology”, Astron. Astrophys., 466, 347–355. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0702052]
Dymova, M.V. and Ruderman, M.S., 2006, “The geometry effect on transverse oscillations of coronal loops”, Astron. Astrophys., 459, 241–244. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Favata, F., Reale, F., Micela, G., Sciortino, S., Maggio, A. and Matsumoto, H., 2000, “An extreme X-ray flare observed on EV Lac by ASCA in July 1998”, Astron. Astrophys., 353, 987–997. [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/9909491]
Favata, F., Flaccomio, E., Reale, F., Micela, G., Sciortino, S., Shang, H., Stassun, K.G. and Feigelson, E.D., 2005, “Bright X-Ray Flares in Orion Young Stars from COUP: Evidence for Star-Disk Magnetic Fields?”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 160, 469–502. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0506134]
Feldman, U., Doschek, G.A. and Mariska, J.T., 1979, “On the structure of the solar transition zone and lower corona”, Astrophys. J., 229, 369–374. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Feldman, U., Doschek, G.A. and Cohen, L., 1982, “Doppler wavelength shifts of ultraviolet spectral lines in solar active regions”, Astrophys. J., 255, 325–328. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Feng, L., Inhester, B., Solanki, S.K., Wiegelmann, T., Podlipnik, B., Howard, R.A. and Wuelser, J.-P., 2007, “First Stereoscopic Coronal Loop Reconstructions from STEREO SECCHI Images”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 671, L205–L208. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0802.0773]
Fisher, G.H., Canfield, R.C. and McClymont, A.N., 1985a, “Flare loop radiative hydrodynamics. V. Response to thick-target heating”, Astrophys. J., 289, 414–424. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Fisher, G.H., Canfield, R.C. and McClymont, A.N., 1985b, “Flare loop radiative hydrodynamics. VI. Chromospheric evaporation due to heating by nonthermal electrons”, Astrophys. J., 289, 425–433. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Fisher, G.H., Canfield, R.C. and McClymont, A.N., 1985c, “Flare loop radiative hydrodynamics. VII. Dynamics of the thick-target heated chromosphere”, Astrophys. J., 289, 434–441. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Fletcher, L. and De Pontieu, B., 1999, “Plasma Diagnostics of Transition Region ‘Moss’ using SOHO/CDS and TRACE”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 520, L135–L138. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Foukal, P., 1975, “The temperature structure and pressure balance of magnetic loops in active regions”, Solar Phys., 43, 327–336. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Foukal, P.V., 1976, “The pressure and energy balance of the cool corona over sunspots”, Astrophys. J., 210, 575–581. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Gabriel, A.H., 1976, “A magnetic model of the solar transition region”, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A, 281, 339–352. [External LinkADS]
Gabriel, A.H. and Jordan, C., 1975, “Analysis of EUV observations of regions of the quiet and active corona at the time of the 1970 March 7 eclipse”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 173, 397–418. [External LinkADS]
Galeev, A.A., Rosner, R., Serio, S. and Vaiana, G.S., 1981, “Dynamics of coronal structures: Magnetic field-related heating and loop energy balance”, Astrophys. J., 243, 301–308. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Gan, W.Q., Zhang, H.Q. and Fang, C., 1991, “A hydrodynamic model of the impulsive phase of a solar flare loop”, Astron. Astrophys., 241, 618–624. [External LinkADS]
Gebbie, K.B., Hill, F., November, L.J., Gurman, J.B., Shine, R.A., Woodgate, B.E., Athay, R.G., Tandberg-Hanssen, E.A., Toomre, J. and Simon, G.W., 1981, “Steady flows in the solar transition region observed with SMM”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 251, L115–L118. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Getman, K.V., Feigelson, E.D., Micela, G., Jardine, M.M., Gregory, S.G. and Garmire, G.P., 2008, “X-Ray Flares in Orion Young Stars. II. Flares, Magnetospheres, and Protoplanetary Disks”, Astrophys. J., 688, 437–455. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0807.3007]
Giacconi, R., Reidy, W.P., Zehnpfennig, T., Lindsay, J.C. and Muney, W.S., 1965, “Solar X-Ray Image Obtained Using Grazing-Incidence Optics”, Astrophys. J., 142, 1274–1278. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Golub, L., 1996, “The Solar X-Ray Corona”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 237, 33–48. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Golub, L. and Herant, M., 1989, “Analysis of the 23 June 1988 flare using NIXT multilayer X-ray images”, in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, (Ed.) Hoover, R.B., San Diego, CA, August 7 – 11, 1989, vol. 1160 of Proc. SPIE, pp. 629–635, SPIE, Bellingham, WA. [External LinkADS]
Golub, L. and Pasachoff, J.M., 1997, The Solar Corona, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. [External LinkADS], [External LinkGoogle Books]
Golub, L. and Pasachoff, J.M., 2001, Nearest Star: The Surprising Science of Our Sun, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA
Golub, L., Maxson, C., Rosner, R., Vaiana, G.S. and Serio, S., 1980, “Magnetic fields and coronal heating”, Astrophys. J., 238, 343–348. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Golub, L., Noci, G., Poletto, G. and Vaiana, G.S., 1982, “Active region coronal evolution”, Astrophys. J., 259, 359–365. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Golub, L., Hartquist, T.W. and Quillen, A.C., 1989, “Comments on the observability of coronal variations”, Solar Phys., 122, 245–261. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Golub, L., Deluca, E., Austin, G., Bookbinder, J., Caldwell, D., Cheimets, P., Cirtain, J., Cosmo, M., Reid, P., Sette, A., Weber, M., Sakao, T., Kano, R., Shibasaki, K., Hara, H., Tsuneta, S., Kumagai, K., Tamura, T., Shimojo, M., McCracken, J., Carpenter, J., Haight, H., Siler, R., Wright, E., Tucker, J., Rutledge, H., Barbera, M., Peres, G. and Varisco, S., 2007, “The X-Ray Telescope (XRT) for the Hinode Mission”, Solar Phys., 243, 63–86. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Gomez, D.O., Martens, P.C.H. and Golub, L., 1993, “Normal incidence X-ray telescope power spectra of X-ray emission from solar active regions. I. Observations. II. Theory”, Astrophys. J., 405, 767–781. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Gontikakis, C., Contopoulos, I. and Dara, H.C., 2008, “Distribution of coronal heating in a solar active region”, Astron. Astrophys., 489, 441–447. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Grappin, R., Léorat, J. and Ofman, L., 2003, “Flows in coronal loops driven by Alfvén waves: 1.5 MHD simulations with transparent boundary conditions”, in Solar Wind Ten, (Eds.) Velli, M., Bruno, R., Malara, F., Proceedings of the Tenth International Solar Wind Conference, Pisa, Italy, 17 – 21 June 2002, vol. 679 of AIP Conference Proceedings, pp. 750–753, American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Grappin, R., Léorat, J. and Habbal, S.R., 2005, “Siphon flows and oscillations in long coronal loops due to Alfvén waves”, Astron. Astrophys., 437, 1081–1092. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Griffiths, N.W., Fisher, G.H., Woods, D.T., Acton, L.W. and Siegmund, O.H.W., 2000, “Simultaneous SOHO and Yohkoh Observations of a Small Solar Active Region”, Astrophys. J., 537, 481–494. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Guarrasi, M., Reale, F. and Peres, G., 2010, “Coronal Fuzziness Modeled with Pulse-heated Multi-stranded Loop Systems”, Astrophys. J., 719, 576–582. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., 2004, “X-ray astronomy of stellar coronae”, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 12, 71–237. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0406661]
Gudiksen, B.V. and Nordlund, Å., 2005, “An Ab Initio Approach to the Solar Coronal Heating Problem”, Astrophys. J., 618, 1020–1030. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0407266]
Habbal, S.R., Ronan, R. and Withbroe, G.L., 1985, “Spatial and temporal variations of solar coronal loops”, Solar Phys., 98, 323–340. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Haisch, B.M., Strong, K.T., Harrison, R.A. and Gary, G.A., 1988, “Active region coronal loops: Structure and variability”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 68, 371–405. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Handy, B.N., Acton, L.W., Kankelborg, C.C., Wolfson, C.J., Akin, D.J., Bruner, M.E., Caravalho, R., Catura, R.C., Chevalier, R., Duncan, D.W., Edwards, C.G., Feinstein, C.N., Freeland, S.L., Friedlaender, F.M., Hoffmann, C.H., Hurlburt, N.E., Jurcevich, B.K., Katz, N.L., Kelly, G.A., Lemen, J.R., Levay, M., Lindgren, R.W., Mathur, D.P., Meyer, S.B., Morrison, S.J., Morrison, M.D., Nightingale, R.W., Pope, T.P., Rehse, R.A., Schrijver, C.J., Shine, R.A., Shing, L., Strong, K.T., Tarbell, T.D., Title, A.M., Torgerson, D.D., Golub, L., Bookbinder, J.A., Caldwell, D., Cheimets, P.N., Davis, W.N., DeLuca, E.E., McMullen, R.A., Warren, H.P., Amato, D., Fisher, R., Maldonado, H. and Parkinson, C., 1999, “The transition region and coronal explorer”, Solar Phys., 187, 229–260. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hansteen, V., 1993, “A new interpretation of the redshift observed in optically thin transition region lines”, Astrophys. J., 402, 741–755. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hansteen, V.H., Carlsson, M. and Gudiksen, B., 2007, “3D Numerical Models of the Chromosphere, Transition Region, and Corona”, in The Physics of Chromospheric Plasmas, (Eds.) Heinzel, P., Dorotovič, I., Rutten, R.J., Proceedings of the conference held 9 – 13 October, 2006 at the University of Coimbra, Portugal, vol. 368 of ASP Conference Series, pp. 107–114, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco. [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0704.1511]
Hara, H., Tsuneta, S., Lemen, J.R., Acton, L.W. and McTiernan, J.M., 1992, “High-temperature plasmas in active regions observed with the Soft X-ray Telescope aboard YOHKOH”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, 44, L135–L140. [External LinkADS]
Hara, H., Watanabe, T., Harra, L.K., Culhane, J.L., Young, P.R., Mariska, J.T. and Doschek, G.A., 2008, “Coronal Plasma Motions near Footpoints of Active Region Loops Revealed from Spectroscopic Observations with Hinode EIS”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 678, L67–L71. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Harrison, R.A., Sawyer, E.C., Carter, M.K., Cruise, A.M., Cutler, R.M., Fludra, A., Hayes, R.W., Kent, B.J., Lang, J., Parker, D.J., Payne, J., Pike, C.D., Peskett, S.C., Richards, A.G., Gulhane, J.L., Norman, K., Breeveld, A.A., Breeveld, E.R., Al Janabi, K.F., McCalden, A.J., Parkinson, J.H., Self, D.G., Thomas, P.D., Poland, A.I., Thomas, R.J., Thompson, W.T., Kjeldseth-Moe, O., Brekke, P., Karud, J., Maltby, P., Aschenbach, B., Bräuninger, H., Kühne, M., Hollandt, J., Siegmund, O.H.W., Huber, M.C.E., Gabriel, A.H., Mason, H.E. and Bromage, B.J.I., 1995, “The Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer for the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory”, Solar Phys., 162, 233–290. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Haynes, M., Arber, T.D. and Verwichte, E., 2008, “Coronal loop slow mode oscillations driven by the kink instability”, Astron. Astrophys., 479, 235–239. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hollweg, J.V., 1981, “Alfvén waves in the solar atmosphere II: Open and closed magnetic flux tubes”, Solar Phys., 70, 25–66. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hollweg, J.V., 1984, “Resonances of coronal loops”, Astrophys. J., 277, 392–403. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hollweg, J.V., 1985, “Viscosity in a Magnetized Plasma: Physical Interpretation”, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 7620–7622. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hollweg, J.V., 1986, “Transition region, corona, and solar wind in coronal holes”, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 4111–4125. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hollweg, J.V. and Yang, G., 1988, “Resonance absorption of compressible magnetohydrodynamic waves at thin ‘surfaces”’, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 5423–5436. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hood, A.W. and Priest, E.R., 1979, “The equilibrium of solar coronal magnetic loops”, Astron. Astrophys., 77, 233–251. [External LinkADS]
Hori, K., Yokoyama, T., Kosugi, T. and Shibata, K., 1997, “Pseudo–Two-dimensional Hydrodynamic Modeling of Solar Flare Loops”, Astrophys. J., 489, 426. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hori, K., Yokoyama, T., Kosugi, T. and Shibata, K., 1998, “Single and Multiple Solar Flare Loops: Hydrodynamics and Ca XIX Resonance Line Emission”, Astrophys. J., 500, 492–510. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hudson, H.S., 1991, “Solar flares, microflares, nanoflares, and coronal heating”, Solar Phys., 133, 357–369. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ignatiev, A.P., Kolachevsky, N.N., Korneev, V.V., Krutov, V.V., Kuzin, S.V., Mitrofanov, A.V., Pertsov, A., Ragozin, E.N., Slemzin, V.A., Tindo, I.P., Zhitnik, I.A., Salashchenko, N.N. and Thomas, R.J., 1998, “Manufacture and testing of x-ray optical elements for the TEREK-C and RES-C instruments on the CORONAS-I mission”, in Current Russian Research in Optics and Photonics: New Methods and Instruments for Space- and Earth-based Spectroscopy in XUV, UV, IR, and Millimeter Waves, (Eds.) Sobelman, I.I., Slemzin, V.A., vol. 3406 of Proc. SPIE, pp. 20–34, SPIE, Bellingham, WA. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ionson, J.A., 1978, “Resonant absorption of Alfvénic surface waves and the heating of solar coronal loops”, Astrophys. J., 226, 650–673. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ionson, J.A., 1982, “Resonant electrodynamic heating of stellar coronal loops: an LRC circuit analog”, Astrophys. J., 254, 318–334. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ionson, J.A., 1983, “Electrodynamic coupling in magnetically confined X-ray plasmas of astrophysical origin”, Astrophys. J., 271, 778–792. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Jakimiec, J., Sylwester, B., Sylwester, J., Serio, S., Peres, G. and Reale, F., 1992, “Dynamics of flaring loops II. Flare evolution in the density-temperature diagram”, Astron. Astrophys., 253, 269–276. [External LinkADS]
Jordan, C., 1976, “The structure and energy balance of solar active regions”, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A, 281, 391–404. [External LinkADS]
Jordan, C., 1980, “The energy balance of the solar transition region”, Astron. Astrophys., 86, 355–363. [External LinkADS]
Jordan, C., Ayres, T.R., Brown, A., Linsky, J.L. and Simon, T., 1987, “The chromospheres and coronae of five G-K main-sequence stars”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 225, 903–937. [External LinkADS]
Judge, P.G., Hansteen, V., Wikstol, O., Wilhelm, K., Schuehle, U. and Moran, T., 1998, “Evidence in Support of the ‘Nanoflare’ Picture of Coronal Heating from SUMER Data”, Astrophys. J., 502, 981. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kaiser, M.L., Kucera, T.A., Davila, J.M., St Cyr, O.C., Guhathakurta, M. and Christian, E., 2008, “The STEREO Mission: An Introduction”, Space Sci. Rev., 136, 5–16. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kano, R. and Tsuneta, S., 1995, “Scaling Law of Solar Coronal Loops Obtained with YOHKOH”, Astrophys. J., 454, 934. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kashyap, V. and Drake, J.J., 1998, “Markov-Chain Monte Carlo Reconstruction of Emission Measure Distributions: Application to Solar Extreme-Ultraviolet Spectra”, Astrophys. J., 503, 450. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Katsukawa, Y. and Tsuneta, S., 2001, “Small Fluctuation of Coronal X-Ray Intensity and a Signature of Nanoflares”, Astrophys. J., 557, 343–350. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Katsukawa, Y. and Tsuneta, S., 2005, “Magnetic Properties at Footpoints of Hot and Cool Loops”, Astrophys. J., 621, 498–511. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Klimchuk, J.A., 1987, “On the large-scale dynamics and magnetic structure of solar active regions”, Astrophys. J., 323, 368–379. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Klimchuk, J.A., 2000, “Cross-Sectional Properties of Coronal Loops”, Solar Phys., 193, 53–75. [External LinkADS]
Klimchuk, J.A., 2006, “On Solving the Coronal Heating Problem”, Solar Phys., 234, 41–77. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0511841]
Klimchuk, J.A. and Gary, D.E., 1995, “A Comparison of Active Region Temperatures and Emission Measures Observed in Soft X-Rays and Microwaves and Implications for Coronal Heating”, Astrophys. J., 448, 925. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Klimchuk, J.A. and Porter, L.J., 1995, “Scaling of heating rates in solar coronal loops”, Nature, 377, 131–133. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Klimchuk, J.A., Lemen, J.R., Feldman, U., Tsuneta, S. and Uchida, Y., 1992, “Thickness variations along coronal loops observed by the Soft X-ray Telescope on YOHKOH”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, 44, L181–L185. [External LinkADS]
Klimchuk, J.A., Patsourakos, S. and Cargill, P.J., 2008, “Highly Efficient Modeling of Dynamic Coronal Loops”, Astrophys. J., 682, 1351–1362. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0710.0185]
Ko, Y.-K., Doschek, G.A., Warren, H.P. and Young, P.R., 2009, “Hot Plasma in Nonflaring Active Regions Observed by the Extreme-Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer on Hinode”, Astrophys. J., 697, 1956–1970. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0903.3029]
Kopp, R.A. and Poletto, G., 1993, “Coronal Heating by Nanoflares: Individual Events and Global Energetics”, Astrophys. J., 418, 496. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kopp, R.A., Poletto, G., Noci, G. and Bruner, M., 1985, “Analysis of loop flows observed on 27 March, 1980 by the UVSP instrument during the solar maximum mission”, Solar Phys., 98, 91–118. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kosugi, T., Matsuzaki, K., Sakao, T., Shimizu, T., Sone, Y., Tachikawa, S., Hashimoto, T., Minesugi, K., Ohnishi, A., Yamada, T., Tsuneta, S., Hara, H., Ichimoto, K., Suematsu, Y., Shimojo, M., Watanabe, T., Shimada, S., Davis, J.M., Hill, L.D., Owens, J.K., Title, A.M., Culhane, J.L., Harra, L.K., Doschek, G.A. and Golub, L., 2007, “The Hinode (Solar-B) Mission: An Overview”, Solar Phys., 243, 3–17. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kramar, M., Jones, S., Davila, J., Inhester, B. and Mierla, M., 2009, “On the Tomographic Reconstruction of the 3D Electron Density for the Solar Corona from STEREO COR1 Data”, Solar Phys., 259, 109–121. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Krieger, A., Paolini, F., Vaiana, G.S. and Webb, D., 1972, “Results from OSO-IV: the Long Term Behavior of X-Ray Emitting Regions”, Solar Phys., 22, 150–177. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Krieger, A.S., 1978, “The decay of coronal loops brightened by flares and transients”, Solar Phys., 56, 107–120. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Landi, E. and Feldman, U., 2004, “Models for Solar Magnetic Loops. IV. On the Relation between Coronal and Footpoint Plasma in Active Region Loops”, Astrophys. J., 611, 537–544. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Landi, E. and Feldman, U., 2008, “The Thermal Structure of an Active Region Observed Outside the Solar Disk”, Astrophys. J., 672, 674–683. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Landi, E. and Landini, M., 2004, “Models for Solar Magnetic Loops. III. Dynamic Models and Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer Observations”, Astrophys. J., 608, 1133–1147. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Landi, E. and Landini, M., 2005, “Models for Solar Magnetic Loops. V. A New Diagnostic Technique to Compare Loop Models and Observations”, Astrophys. J., 618, 1039–1043. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Landi, E., Miralles, M.P., Curdt, W. and Hara, H., 2009, “Physical Properties of Cooling Plasma in Quiescent Active Region Loops”, Astrophys. J., 695, 221–237. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Landini, M. and Landi, E., 2002, “Models for solar magnetic loops. I. A simple theoretical model and diagnostic procedure”, Astron. Astrophys., 383, 653–660. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Landini, M. and Monsignori Fossi, B.C., 1975, “A loop model of active coronal regions”, Astron. Astrophys., 42, 213–220. [External LinkADS]
Lenz, D.D., 2004, “Effects of Flow on Structure and Abundances in Multispecies Solar Coronal Loops”, Astrophys. J., 604, 433–441. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Lenz, D.D., DeLuca, E.E., Golub, L., Rosner, R. and Bookbinder, J.A., 1999, “Temperature and Emission-Measure Profiles along Long-lived Solar Coronal Loops Observed with the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 517, L155–L158. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/9903491]
Litwin, C. and Rosner, R., 1998, “Alfvén Wave Transmission and Heating of Solar Coronal Loops”, Astrophys. J., 499, 945. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
López Fuentes, M.C., Klimchuk, J.A. and Démoulin, P., 2006, “The Magnetic Structure of Coronal Loops Observed by TRACE”, Astrophys. J., 639, 459–474. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0507462]
López Fuentes, M.C., Klimchuk, J.A. and Mandrini, C.H., 2007, “The Temporal Evolution of Coronal Loops Observed by GOES SXI”, Astrophys. J., 657, 1127–1136. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0611338]
Lundquist, L.L., Fisher, G.H. and McTiernan, J.M., 2008a, “Forward Modeling of Active Region Coronal Emissions. I. Methods and Testing”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 179, 509–533. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Lundquist, L.L., Fisher, G.H., Metcalf, T.R., Leka, K.D. and McTiernan, J.M., 2008b, “Forward Modeling of Active Region Coronal Emissions. II. Implications for Coronal Heating”, Astrophys. J., 689, 1388–1405. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
MacNeice, P., 1986, “A numerical hydrodynamic model of a heated coronal loop”, Solar Phys., 103, 47–66. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
MacNeice, P., Pallavicini, R., Mason, H.E., Simnett, G.M., Antonucci, E., Shine, R.A. and Dennis, B.R., 1985, “Multiwavelength analysis of a well observed flare from SMM”, Solar Phys., 99, 167–188. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Maggio, A., Pallavicini, R., Reale, F. and Tagliaferri, G., 2000, “Twin X-ray flares and the active corona of AB Dor observed with BeppoSAX”, Astron. Astrophys., 356, 627–642. [External LinkADS]
Mandrini, C.H., Démoulin, P. and Klimchuk, J.A., 2000, “Magnetic Field and Plasma Scaling Laws: Their Implications for Coronal Heating Models”, Astrophys. J., 530, 999–1015. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Mariska, J.T., Feldman, U. and Doschek, G.A., 1980, “Physical conditions in the solar atmosphere above an active region”, Astrophys. J., 240, 300–305. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Martens, P.C.H., Kankelborg, C.C. and Berger, T.E., 2000, “On the Nature of the ‘Moss’ Observed by TRACE”, Astrophys. J., 537, 471–480. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Martens, P.C.H., Cirtain, J.W. and Schmelz, J.T., 2002, “The Inadequacy of Temperature Measurements in the Solar Corona through Narrowband Filter and Line Ratios”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 577, L115–L117. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Mason, H.E., Landi, E., Pike, C.D. and Young, P.R., 1999, “Electron density and temperature structure of two limb active regions observed by SOHO-CDS”, Solar Phys., 189, 129–146. [External LinkADS]
McLaughlin, J.A. and Ofman, L., 2008, “Three-dimensional Magnetohydrodynamic Wave Behavior in Active Regions: Individual Loop Density Structure”, Astrophys. J., 682, 1338–1350. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
McTiernan, J.M., 2009, “RHESSI/GOES Observations of the Nonflaring Sun from 2002 to 2006”, Astrophys. J., 697, 94–99. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Mitra-Kraev, U. and Benz, A.O., 2001, “A nanoflare heating model for the quiet solar corona”, Astron. Astrophys., 373, 318–328. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0104218]
Montesinos, B. and Thomas, J.H., 1989, “Siphon flows in isolated magnetic flux tubes. II. Adiabatic flows”, Astrophys. J., 337, 977–988. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Montesinos, B. and Thomas, J.H., 1993, “Siphon flows in isolated magnetic flux tubes. V. Radiative flows with variable ionization”, Astrophys. J., 402, 314–325. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Morales, L. and Charbonneau, P., 2008, “Self-organized Critical Model of Energy Release in an Idealized Coronal Loop”, Astrophys. J., 682, 654–666. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Müller, D.A.N., Hansteen, V.H. and Peter, H., 2003, “Dynamics of solar coronal loops. I. Condensation in cool loops and its effect on transition region lines”, Astron. Astrophys., 411, 605–613. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Müller, D.A.N., Peter, H. and Hansteen, V.H., 2004, “Dynamics of solar coronal loops. II. Catastrophic cooling and high-speed downflows”, Astron. Astrophys., 424, 289–300. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0405538]
Müller, D.A.N., De Groof, A., Hansteen, V.H. and Peter, H., 2005, “High-speed coronal rain”, Astron. Astrophys., 436, 1067–1074. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Muller, R., Roudier, T., Vigneau, J. and Auffret, H., 1994, “The proper motion of network bright points and the heating of the solar corona”, Astron. Astrophys., 283, 232–240. [External LinkADS]
Nagai, F., 1980, “A model of hot loops associated with solar flares I. Gasdynamics in the loops”, Solar Phys., 68, 351–379. [External LinkADS]
Nagai, F. and Emslie, A.G., 1984, “Gas dynamics in the impulsive phase of solar flares. I Thick-target heating by nonthermal electrons”, Astrophys. J., 279, 896–908. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Nagata, S., Hara, H., Kano, R., Kobayashi, K., Sakao, T., Shimizu, T., Tsuneta, S., Yoshida, T. and Gurman, J.B., 2003, “Spatial and Temporal Properties of Hot and Cool Coronal Loops”, Astrophys. J., 590, 1095–1110. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Nakariakov, V.M. and Ofman, L., 2001, “Determination of the coronal magnetic field by coronal loop oscillations”, Astron. Astrophys., 372, L53–L56. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Nakariakov, V.M. and Verwichte, E., 2005, “Coronal Waves and Oscillations”, Living Rev. Solar Phys., 2, lrsp-2005-3. [External LinkADS]. URL (accessed 26 October 2010):
Nakariakov, V.M., Ofman, L., DeLuca, E.E., Roberts, B. and Davila, J.M., 1999, “TRACE observation of damped coronal loop oscillations: Implications for coronal heating”, Science, 285, 862–864. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Nakariakov, V.M., Verwichte, E., Berghmans, D. and Robbrecht, E., 2000, “Slow magnetoacoustic waves in coronal loops”, Astron. Astrophys., 362, 1151–1157. [External LinkADS]
Narain, U. and Ulmschneider, P., 1996, “Chromospheric and Coronal Heating Mechanisms II”, Space Sci. Rev., 75, 453–509. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Nigro, G., Malara, F., Carbone, V. and Veltri, P., 2004, “Nanoflares and MHD Turbulence in Coronal Loops: A Hybrid Shell Model”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 92(19), 194501. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Nitta, N., 2000, “The relation between hot and cool loops”, Solar Phys., 195, 123–133. [External LinkADS]
Noci, G., 1981, “Siphon flows in the solar corona”, Solar Phys., 69, 63–76. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Noci, G., Spadaro, D., Zappala, R.A. and Antiochos, S.K., 1989, “Mass flows and the ionization states of coronal loops”, Astrophys. J., 338, 1131–1138. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Noglik, J.B., Walsh, R.W. and Cirtain, J., 2008, “Comparison of High-Resolution TRACE Data to Spectroscopic CDS Data for Temperature Determination”, Astrophys. J., 674, 1191–1200. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ofman, L., 2009, “Three-Dimensional Magnetohydrodynamic Models of Twisted Multithreaded Coronal Loop Oscillations”, Astrophys. J., 694, 502–511. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ofman, L. and Aschwanden, M.J., 2002, “Damping Time Scaling of Coronal Loop Oscillations Deduced from Transition Region and Coronal Explorer Observations”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 576, L153–L156. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ofman, L. and Wang, T., 2002, “Hot Coronal Loop Oscillations Observed by SUMER: Slow Magnetosonic Wave Damping by Thermal Conduction”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 580, L85–L88. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ofman, L. and Wang, T.J., 2008, “Hinode observations of transverse waves with flows in coronal loops”, Astron. Astrophys., 482, L9–L12. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ofman, L., Davila, J.M. and Steinolfson, R.S., 1995, “Coronal heating by the resonant absorption of Alfvén waves: Wavenumber scaling laws”, Astrophys. J., 444, 471–477. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ofman, L., Klimchuk, J.A. and Davila, J.M., 1998, “A Self-consistent Model for the Resonant Heating of Coronal Loops: The Effects of Coupling with the Chromosphere”, Astrophys. J., 493, 474–479. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ogawara, Y., Takano, T., Kato, T., Kosugi, T., Tsuneta, S., Watanabe, T., Kondo, I. and Uchida, Y., 1991, “The SOLAR-A Mission: An Overview”, Solar Phys., 136, 1–16. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
O’Neill, I. and Li, X., 2005, “Coronal loops heated by turbulence-driven Alfvén waves: A two fluid model”, Astron. Astrophys., 435, 1159–1167. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Oraevsky, V.N. and Sobelman, I.I., 2002, “Comprehensive studies of solar activity on the CORONAS-F satellite”, Astron. Lett., 28, 401–410. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Orlando, S. and Peres, G., 1999, “Effects on UV lines observations of stationary plasma flows confined in coronal loops”, Phys. Chem. Earth, 24, 401–406. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Orlando, S., Peres, G. and Serio, S., 1995a, “Models of stationary siphon flows in stratified, thermally conducting coronal loops I. Regular solutions”, Astron. Astrophys., 294, 861–873. [External LinkADS]
Orlando, S., Peres, G. and Serio, S., 1995b, “Models of stationary siphon flows in stratified, thermally conducting coronal loops II. Shocked solutions”, Astron. Astrophys., 300, 549. [External LinkADS]
Orlando, S., Peres, G. and Reale, F., 2000, “The Sun as an X-Ray Star. I. Deriving the Emission Measure Distribution versus Temperature of the Whole Solar Corona from the Yohkoh/Soft X-Ray Telescope Data”, Astrophys. J., 528, 524–536. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Orlando, S., Peres, G. and Reale, F., 2001, “The Sun as an X-Ray Star. IV. The Contribution of Different Regions of the Corona to Its X-Ray Spectrum”, Astrophys. J., 560, 499–513. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Orlando, S., Peres, G. and Reale, F., 2004, “The Sun as an X-ray star: Active region evolution, rotational modulation, and implications for stellar X-ray variability”, Astron. Astrophys., 424, 677–689. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
O’Shea, E., Banerjee, D. and Doyle, J.G., 2007, “Plasma condensation in coronal loops”, Astron. Astrophys., 475, L25–L28. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Parenti, S. and Young, P.R., 2008, “On the ultraviolet signatures of small scale heating in coronal loops”, Astron. Astrophys., 492, 857–862. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Parenti, S., Buchlin, E., Cargill, P.J., Galtier, S. and Vial, J.-C., 2006, “Modeling the Radiative Signatures of Turbulent Heating in Coronal Loops”, Astrophys. J., 651, 1219–1228. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Parker, E.N., 1988, “Nanoflares and the solar X-ray corona”, Astrophys. J., 330, 474–479. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Parker, E.N., 1991, “Heating solar coronal holes”, Astrophys. J., 372, 719–727. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Pascoe, D.J., de Moortel, I. and McLaughlin, J.A., 2009, “Impulsively generated oscillations in a 3D coronal loop”, Astron. Astrophys., 505, 319–327. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Patsourakos, S. and Klimchuk, J.A., 2005, “Coronal Loop Heating by Nanoflares: The Impact of the Field-aligned Distribution of the Heating on Loop Observations”, Astrophys. J., 628, 1023–1030. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Patsourakos, S. and Klimchuk, J.A., 2006, “Nonthermal Spectral Line Broadening and the Nanoflare Model”, Astrophys. J., 647, 1452–1465. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Patsourakos, S. and Klimchuk, J.A., 2007, “The Cross-Field Thermal Structure of Coronal Loops from Triple-Filter TRACE Observations”, Astrophys. J., 667, 591–601. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Patsourakos, S. and Klimchuk, J.A., 2008, “Static and Impulsive Models of Solar Active Regions”, Astrophys. J., 689, 1406–1411. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0808.2745]
Patsourakos, S. and Klimchuk, J.A., 2009, “Spectroscopic Observations of Hot Lines Constraining Coronal Heating in Solar Active Regions”, Astrophys. J., 696, 760–765. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0903.3880]
Patsourakos, S., Klimchuk, J.A. and MacNeice, P.J., 2004, “The Inability of Steady-Flow Models to Explain the Extreme-Ultraviolet Coronal Loops”, Astrophys. J., 603, 322–329. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Pekünlü, E.R., Çakırlı, Ö. and Özetken, E., 2001, “Solar coronal heating by magnetosonic waves”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 326, 675–685. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Peres, G. and Vaiana, G.S., 1990, “X-ray observations, scaling laws and magnetic fields”, Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital., 61, 401–430. [External LinkADS]
Peres, G., Serio, S., Vaiana, G.S. and Rosner, R., 1982, “Coronal closed structures. IV. Hydrodynamical stability and response to heating perturbations”, Astrophys. J., 252, 791–799. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Peres, G., Spadaro, D. and Noci, G., 1992, “Steady siphon flows in closed coronal structures: Comparison with extreme-ultraviolet observations”, Astrophys. J., 389, 777–783. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Peres, G., Reale, F. and Serio, S., 1993, “Hydrodynamics and Diagnostics of Coronal Loops Subject to Dynamic Heating”, in Physics of Solar and Stellar Coronae: G.S. Vaiana Memorial Symposuim, (Eds.) Linsky, J.L., Serio, S., Proceedings of a conference of the IAU, held in Palermo, Italy, 22 – 26 June, vol. 183 of Astrophysics and Space Science Library, p. 151, Kluwer, Dordrecht; Boston. [External LinkADS]
Peres, G., Reale, F. and Golub, L., 1994, “Loop models of low coronal structures observed by the Normal Incidence X-Ray Telescope (NIXT)”, Astrophys. J., 422, 412–415. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Peres, G., Orlando, S., Reale, F., Rosner, R. and Hudson, H., 2000, “The Sun as an X-Ray Star. II. Using the Yohkoh/Soft X-Ray Telescope-derived Solar Emission Measure versus Temperature to Interpret Stellar X-Ray Observations”, Astrophys. J., 528, 537–551. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Peres, G., Orlando, S., Reale, F. and Rosner, R., 2001, “The Distribution of the Emission Measure, and of the Heating Budget, among the Loops in the Corona”, Astrophys. J., 563, 1045–1054. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0111192]
Peres, G., Orlando, S. and Reale, F., 2004, “Are Coronae of Late-Type Stars Made of Solar-like Structures? The X-Ray Surface Flux versus Hardness Ratio Diagram and the Pressure-Temperature Correlation”, Astrophys. J., 612, 472–480. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0405281]
Peter, H., 1999, “Analysis of Transition-Region Emission-Line Profiles from Full-Disk Scans of the Sun Using the SUMER Instrument on SOHO”, Astrophys. J., 516, 490–504. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Poletto, G., Vaiana, G.S., Zombeck, M.V., Krieger, A.S. and Timothy, A.F., 1975, “A comparison of coronal X-ray structures of active regions with magnetic fields computed from photospheric observations”, Solar Phys., 44, 83–99. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Porter, L.J. and Klimchuk, J.A., 1995, “Soft X-Ray Loops and Coronal Heating”, Astrophys. J., 454, 499. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Porter, L.J., Klimchuk, J.A. and Sturrock, P.A., 1994, “The possible role of MHD waves in heating the solar corona”, Astrophys. J., 435, 482–501. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Priest, E.R., 1978, “The structure of coronal loops”, Solar Phys., 58, 57–87. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Priest, E.R., 1981, “Theory of loop flows and instability”, in Solar Active Regions, (Ed.) Orrall, F.Q., A Monograph from Skylab Solar Workshop III, pp. 213–275, Colorado Associated University Press, Boulder, CO. [External LinkADS]
Priest, E.R., Foley, C.R., Heyvaerts, J., Arber, T.D., Mackay, D., Culhane, J.L. and Acton, L.W., 2000, “A Method to Determine the Heating Mechanisms of the Solar Corona”, Astrophys. J., 539, 1002–1022. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Rappazzo, A.F., Velli, M., Einaudi, G. and Dahlburg, R.B., 2007, “Coronal Heating, Weak MHD Turbulence, and Scaling Laws”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 657, L47–L51. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0701872]
Raymond, J.C., Cox, D.P. and Smith, B.W., 1976, “Radiative cooling of a low-density plasma”, Astrophys. J., 204, 290–292. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Reale, F., 1999, “Inclination of large coronal loops observed by TRACE”, Solar Phys., 190, 139–144. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Reale, F., 2002a, “Stellar Flare Modeling”, in Stellar Coronae in the Chandra and XMM-NEWTON Era, (Eds.) Favata, F., Drake, J.J., Proceedings of a symposium held at ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 25 – 29 June 2001, vol. 277 of ASP Conference Series, p. 103, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco. [External LinkADS]
Reale, F., 2002b, “More on the Determination of the Coronal Heating Function from Yohkoh Data”, Astrophys. J., 580, 566–573. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0207550]
Reale, F., 2003, “Modeling solar and stellar flares”, Adv. Space Res., 32, 1057–1066. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Reale, F., 2005, “Sub-Structuring Dynamics and Heating in Dense Coronal Structures”, in The Dynamic Sun: Challenges for Theory and Observations, (Eds.) Danesy, D., Poedts, S., De Groof, A., Andries, J., Proceedings of the 11th European Solar Physics Meeting, 11 – 16 September 2005, Leuven, Belgium, vol. SP-600 of ESA Special Publications, ESA Publications Division, Noordwijk. [External LinkADS]
Reale, F., 2007, “Diagnostics of stellar flares from X-ray observations: from the decay to the rise phase”, Astron. Astrophys., 471, 271–279. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0705.3254]
Reale, F. and Ciaravella, A., 2006, “Analysis of a multi-wavelength time-resolved observation of a coronal loop”, Astron. Astrophys., 449, 1177–1192. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0512397]
Reale, F. and Orlando, S., 2008, “Nonequilibrium of Ionization and the Detection of Hot Plasma in Nanoflare-heated Coronal Loops”, Astrophys. J., 684, 715–724. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0805.3512]
Reale, F. and Peres, G., 2000, “TRACE-derived Temperature and Emission Measure Profiles along Long-lived Coronal Loops: The Role of Filamentation”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 528, L45–L48. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/9911096]
Reale, F., Peres, G., Serio, S., Rosner, R. and Schmitt, J.H.M.M., 1988, “Hydrodynamic modeling of an X-ray flare on Proxima Centauri observed by the Einstein telescope”, Astrophys. J., 328, 256–264. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Reale, F., Serio, S. and Peres, G., 1993, “Dynamics of the decay of confined stellar X-ray flares”, Astron. Astrophys., 272, 486. [External LinkADS]
Reale, F., Peres, G. and Serio, S., 1996, “Radiatively-driven downdrafts and redshifts in transition region lines. I. Reference model”, Astron. Astrophys., 316, 215–228. [External LinkADS]
Reale, F., Betta, R., Peres, G., Serio, S. and McTiernan, J., 1997a, “Determination of the length of coronal loops from the decay of X-ray flares I. Solar flares observed with YOHKOH SXT”, Astron. Astrophys., 325, 782–790. [External LinkADS]
Reale, F., Peres, G. and Serio, S., 1997b, “Radiatively driven downdrafts and redshifts in transition region lines. II. Exploring the parameter space”, Astron. Astrophys., 318, 506–520. [External LinkADS]
Reale, F., Peres, G., Serio, S., Betta, R.M., DeLuca, E.E. and Golub, L., 2000a, “A Brightening Coronal Loop Observed by TRACE. II. Loop Modeling and Constraints on Heating”, Astrophys. J., 535, 423–437. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Reale, F., Peres, G., Serio, S., DeLuca, E.E. and Golub, L., 2000b, “A Brightening Coronal Loop Observed by TRACE. I. Morphology and Evolution”, Astrophys. J., 535, 412–422. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Reale, F., Peres, G. and Orlando, S., 2001, “The Sun as an X-Ray Star. III. Flares”, Astrophys. J., 557, 906–920. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0104021]
Reale, F., Bocchino, F. and Peres, G., 2002, “Modeling non-confined coronal flares: Dynamics and X-ray diagnostics”, Astron. Astrophys., 383, 952–971. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0112333]
Reale, F., Güdel, M., Peres, G. and Audard, M., 2004, “Modeling an X-ray flare on Proxima Centauri: Evidence of two flaring loop components and of two heating mechanisms at work”, Astron. Astrophys., 416, 733–747. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0312267]
Reale, F., Nigro, G., Malara, F., Peres, G. and Veltri, P., 2005, “Modeling a Coronal Loop Heated by Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence Nanoflares”, Astrophys. J., 633, 489–498. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0506694]
Reale, F., Parenti, S., Reeves, K.K., Weber, M., Bobra, M.G., Barbera, M., Kano, R., Narukage, N., Shimojo, M., Sakao, T., Peres, G. and Golub, L., 2007, “Fine Thermal Structure of a Coronal Active Region”, Science, 318, 1582–. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Reale, F., McTiernan, J.M. and Testa, P., 2009a, “Comparison of Hinode/XRT and RHESSI Detection of Hot Plasma in the Non-Flaring Solar Corona”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 704, L58–L61. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0909.2529]
Reale, F., Testa, P., Klimchuk, J.A. and Parenti, S., 2009b, “Evidence of Widespread Hot Plasma in a Nonflaring Coronal Active Region from Hinode/X-Ray Telescope”, Astrophys. J., 698, 756–765. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0904.0878]
Reeves, E.M., Timothy, J.G. and Huber, M.C.E., 1977, “Extreme UV spectroheliometer on the Apollo Telescope Mount”, Appl. Optics, 16, 837–848. [External LinkADS]
Reeves, K.K. and Warren, H.P., 2002, “Modeling the Cooling of Postflare Loops”, Astrophys. J., 578, 590–597. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Reidy, W.P., Vaiana, G.S., Zehnpfennig, T. and Giacconi, R., 1968, “Study of X-Ray Images of the Sun at Solar Minimum”, Astrophys. J., 151, 333. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Rosner, R., Tucker, W.H. and Vaiana, G.S., 1978, “Dynamics of the quiescent solar corona”, Astrophys. J., 220, 643–665. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Rosner, R., Golub, L. and Vaiana, G.S., 1985, “On stellar X-ray emission”, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 23, 413–452. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Rottman, G.J., Hassler, D.D., Jones, M.D. and Orrall, F.Q., 1990, “The systematic radial downflow in the transition region of the quiet sun from limb-to-limb observations of the C IV resonance lines”, Astrophys. J., 358, 693–697. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Saito, K. and Billings, D.E., 1964, “Polarimetric Observations of a Coronal Condensation”, Astrophys. J., 140, 760. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Sakamoto, Y., Tsuneta, S. and Vekstein, G., 2008, “Observational Appearance of Nanoflares with SXT and TRACE”, Astrophys. J., 689, 1421–1432. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Sakamoto, Y., Tsuneta, S. and Vekstein, G., 2009, “A Nanoflare Heating Model and Comparison with Observations”, Astrophys. J., 703, 2118–2130. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Sakurai, T., 1981, “Calculation of force-free magnetic field with non-constant α”, Solar Phys., 69, 343–359. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Sandman, A.W., Aschwanden, M.J., DeRosa, M.L., Wülser, J.P. and Alexander, D., 2009, “Comparison of STEREO/EUVI Loops with Potential Magnetic Field Models”, Solar Phys., 259, 1–11. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Sanz-Forcada, J., Brickhouse, N.S. and Dupree, A.K., 2003, “The Structure of Stellar Coronae in Active Binary Systems”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 145, 147–179. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0210652]
Scelsi, L., Maggio, A., Peres, G. and Pallavicini, R., 2005, “Coronal properties of G-type stars in different evolutionary phases”, Astron. Astrophys., 432, 671–685. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0501631]
Schmelz, J.T., 2002, “Are Coronal Loops Isothermal?”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 578, L161–L164. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Schmelz, J.T., Scopes, R.T., Cirtain, J.W., Winter, H.D. and Allen, J.D., 2001, “Observational Constraints on Coronal Heating Models Using Coronal Diagnostics Spectrometer and Soft X-Ray Telescope Data”, Astrophys. J., 556, 896–904. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Schmelz, J.T., Beene, J.E., Nasraoui, K., Blevins, H.T., Martens, P.C.H. and Cirtain, J.W., 2003, “The Effect of Background Subtraction on the Temperature of EIT Coronal Loops”, Astrophys. J., 599, 604–614. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Schmelz, J.T., Nasraoui, K., Richardson, V.L., Hubbard, P.J., Nevels, C.R. and Beene, J.E., 2005, “All Coronal Loops Are the Same: Evidence to the Contrary”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 627, L81–L84. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0505593]
Schmelz, J.T., Kashyap, V.L. and Weber, M.A., 2007a, “Coronal Heat: Solar Loop Temperatures from TRACE Triple-Filter Data”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 660, L157–L160. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Schmelz, J.T., Nasraoui, K., Del Zanna, G., Cirtain, J.W., DeLuca, E.E. and Mason, H.E., 2007b, “Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer Observations of Isothermal and Multithermal Coronal Loops”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 658, L119–L122. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Schmelz, J.T., Scott, J. and Rightmire, L.A., 2008, “May Day! Coronal Loop Temperatures from the Hinode EUV Imaging Spectrometer”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 684, L115–L118. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Schmelz, J.T., Nasraoui, K., Rightmire, L.A., Kimble, J.A., Del Zanna, G., Cirtain, J.W., DeLuca, E.E. and Mason, H.E., 2009a, “Are Coronal Loops Isothermal or Multithermal?”, Astrophys. J., 691, 503–515. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0901.3281]
Schmelz, J.T., Saar, S.H., DeLuca, E.E., Golub, L., Kashyap, V.L., Weber, M.A. and Klimchuk, J.A., 2009b, “Hinode X-Ray Telescope Detection of Hot Emission from Quiescent Active Regions: A Nanoflare Signature?”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 693, L131–L135. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0901.3122]
Schmidt, H.U., 1964, “On the Observable Effects of Magnetic Energy Storage and Release Connected With Solar Flares”, in The Physics of Solar Flares, (Ed.) Hess, W.N., Proceedings of the AAS-NASA Symposium held 28 – 30 October, 1963 at the Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, vol. SP-50 of NASA Special Publication, p. 107, NASA, Washington, DC. [External LinkADS]
Schmieder, B., Rust, D.M., Georgoulis, M.K., Démoulin, P. and Bernasconi, P.N., 2004, “Emerging Flux and the Heating of Coronal Loops”, Astrophys. J., 601, 530–545. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Collura, A., Sciortino, S., Vaiana, G.S., Harnden Jr, F.R. and Rosner, R., 1990, “Einstein Observatory coronal temperatures of late-type stars”, Astrophys. J., 365, 704–728. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Schrijver, C.J., 2007, “Braiding-induced Interchange Reconnection of the Magnetic Field and the Width of Solar Coronal Loops”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 662, L119–L122. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Schrijver, C.J., Sandman, A.W., Aschwanden, M.J. and DeRosa, M.L., 2004, “The Coronal Heating Mechanism as Identified by Full-Sun Visualizations”, Astrophys. J., 615, 512–525. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Seaton, D.B., Winebarger, A.R., DeLuca, E.E., Golub, L., Reeves, K.K. and Gallagher, P.T., 2001, “Active Region Transient Events Observed with TRACE”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 563, L173–L177. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Selwa, M. and Ofman, L., 2009, “3-D numerical simulations of coronal loops oscillations”, Ann. Geophys., 27, 3899–3908. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Serio, S., Peres, G., Vaiana, G.S., Golub, L. and Rosner, R., 1981, “Closed coronal structures. II. Generalized hydrostatic model”, Astrophys. J., 243, 288–300. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Serio, S., Reale, F., Jakimiec, J., Sylwester, B. and Sylwester, J., 1991, “Dynamics of flaring loops I. Thermodynamic decay scaling laws”, Astron. Astrophys., 241, 197–202. [External LinkADS]
Sheeley Jr, N.R., 1980, “Temporal variations of loop structures in the solar atmosphere”, Solar Phys., 66, 79–87. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Shimizu, T., 1995, “Energetics and Occurrence Rate of Active-Region Transient Brightenings and Implications for the Heating of the Active-Region Corona”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, 47, 251–263. [External LinkADS]
Shimizu, T. and Tsuneta, S., 1997, “Deep Survey of Solar Nanoflares with YOHKOH”, Astrophys. J., 486, 1045. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Shimizu, T., Tsuneta, S., Acton, L.W., Lemen, J.R., Ogawara, Y. and Uchida, Y., 1994, “Morphology of active region transient brightenings with the YOHKOH Soft X-ray Telescope”, Astrophys. J., 422, 906–911. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Shimojo, M., Kurokawa, H. and Yoshimura, K., 2002, “Dynamical Features and Evolutional Characteristics of Brightening Coronal Loops”, Solar Phys., 206, 133–142. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Spadaro, D., Noci, G., Zappala, R.A. and Antiochos, S.K., 1990, “The effect of nonequilibrium ionization on ultraviolet line shifts in the solar transition region”, Astrophys. J., 355, 342–347. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Spadaro, D., Lanza, A.F., Lanzafame, A.C., Karpen, J.T., Antiochos, S.K., Klimchuk, J.A. and MacNeice, P.J., 2003, “A Transient Heating Model for Coronal Structure and Dynamics”, Astrophys. J., 582, 486–494. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Spitzer Jr, L., 1962, Physics of Fully Ionized Gases, vol. 3 of Interscience Tracts on Physics and Astronomy, Interscience, New York, 2nd rev. edn.
Steinolfson, R.S. and Davila, J.M., 1993, “Coronal heating by the resonant absorption of Alfvén waves: Importance of the global mode and scaling laws”, Astrophys. J., 415, 354–363. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Stelzer, B., Burwitz, V., Audard, M., Güdel, M., Ness, J.-U., Grosso, N., Neuhäuser, R., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Predehl, P. and Aschenbach, B., 2002, “Simultaneous X-ray spectroscopy of YY Gem with Chandra and XMM-Newton”, Astron. Astrophys., 392, 585–598. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0206429]
Strong, K.T., Harvey, K., Hirayama, T., Nitta, N., Shimizu, T. and Tsuneta, S., 1992, “Observations of the variability of coronal bright points by the Soft X-ray Telescope on YOHKOH”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, 44, L161–L166. [External LinkADS]
Sylwester, B., Sylwester, J., Serio, S., Reale, F., Bentley, R.D. and Fludra, A., 1993, “Dynamics of flaring loops III. Interpretation of flare evolution in the emission measure-temperature diagram”, Astron. Astrophys., 267, 586–594. [External LinkADS]
Sylwester, J., Gaicki, I., Kordylewski, Z., Nowak, M., Kowalinski, S., Sjarkowski, M., Bentley, W., Trzebinski, R.D., Whyndham, M.W., Guttridge, P.R., Culhane, J.L., Lang, J., Phillips, K.J.H., Brown, C.M., Doschek, G.A., Oraevsky, V.N., Boldyrev, S.I., Kopaev, I.M., Stepanov, A.I. and Klepikov, V.Y., 1998, “RESIK: High Sensitivity Soft X-ray Spectrometer for the Study of Solar Flare Plasma”, in A Crossroads for European Solar and Heliospheric Physics: Recent Achievements and Future Mission Possibilities, (Eds.) Priest, E.R., Moreno-Insertis, F., Harris, R.A., Proceedings of the ESA/IAC Conference, Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, March 23 – 27 1998, vol. SP-417 of ESA Special Publications, p. 313, ESA Publications Division, Noordwijk. [External LinkADS]
Sylwester, J., Kuzin, S., Kotov, Y.D., Farnik, F. and Reale, F., 2008, “SphinX: A fast solar Photometer in X-rays”, J. Astrophys. Astron., 29, 339–343. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Tanaka, Y., 1983, “Introduction to HINOTORI”, Solar Phys., 86, 3–6. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Taroyan, Y., 2009, “Alfvén Instability in Coronal Loops With Siphon Flows”, Astrophys. J., 694, 69–75. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Taroyan, Y., Erdélyi, R., Doyle, J.G. and Bradshaw, S.J., 2005, “Footpoint excitation of standing acoustic waves in coronal loops”, Astron. Astrophys., 438, 713–720. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Telleschi, A., Güdel, M., Briggs, K., Audard, M., Ness, J.-U. and Skinner, S.L., 2005, “Coronal Evolution of the Sun in Time: High-Resolution X-Ray Spectroscopy of Solar Analogs with Different Ages”, Astrophys. J., 622, 653–679. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0503546]
Teriaca, L., Banerjee, D. and Doyle, J.G., 1999a, “SUMER observations of Doppler shift in the quiet Sun and in an active region”, Astron. Astrophys., 349, 636–648. [External LinkADS]
Teriaca, L., Doyle, J.G., Erdélyi, R. and Sarro, L.M., 1999b, “New insight into transition region dynamics via SUMER observations and numerical modelling”, Astron. Astrophys., 352, L99–L102. [External LinkADS]
Teriaca, L., Madjarska, M.S. and Doyle, J.G., 2002, “Transition region explosive events: Do they have a coronal counterpart?”, Astron. Astrophys., 392, 309–317. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Teriaca, L., Banerjee, D., Falchi, A., Doyle, J.G. and Madjarska, M.S., 2004, “Transition region small-scale dynamics as seen by SUMER on SOHO”, Astron. Astrophys., 427, 1065–1074. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Terzo, S. and Reale, F., 2010, “On the importance of background subtraction in the analysis of coronal loops observed with TRACE”, Astron. Astrophys., 515, A7. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:1002.2121 [astro-ph.SR]]
Testa, P., Peres, G., Reale, F. and Orlando, S., 2002, “Temperature and Density Structure of Hot and Cool Loops Derived from the Analysis of TRACE Data”, Astrophys. J., 580, 1159–1171. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Testa, P., Peres, G. and Reale, F., 2005, “Emission Measure Distribution in Loops Impulsively Heated at the Footpoints”, Astrophys. J., 622, 695–703. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0412482]
Thomas, J.H., 1988, “Siphon flows in isolated magnetic flux tubes”, Astrophys. J., 333, 407–419. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Thomas, J.H. and Montesinos, B., 1990, “Siphon flows in isolated magnetic flux tubes. III. The equilibrium path of the flux-tube arch”, Astrophys. J., 359, 550–559. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Thomas, J.H. and Montesinos, B., 1991, “Siphon flows in isolated magnetic flux tubes. IV. Critical flows with standing tube shocks”, Astrophys. J., 375, 404–413. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Title, A.M., 2010, “AIA on SDO”, 216th AAS Meeting, 23 – 27 May 2010, Miami, FL, conference paper. [External LinkADS]
Tomczyk, S., McIntosh, S.W., Keil, S.L., Judge, P.G., Schad, T., Seeley, D.H. and Edmondson, J., 2007, “Alfvén Waves in the Solar Corona”, Science, 317, 1192–1196. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Tousey, R., Bartoe, J.-D.F., Brueckner, G.E. and Purcell, J.D., 1977, “Extreme ultraviolet spectroheliograph ATM experiment S082A”, Appl. Optics, 16, 870–878. [External LinkADS]
Tripathi, D., Mason, H.E., Young, P.R. and Del Zanna, G., 2008, “Density structure of an active region and associated moss using Hinode/EIS”, Astron. Astrophys., 481, L53–L56. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0802.3311]
Tripathi, D., Mason, H.E., Dwivedi, B.N., Del Zanna, G. and Young, P.R., 2009, “Active Region Loops: Hinode/Extreme-Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer Observations”, Astrophys. J., 694, 1256–1265. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0901.0095]
Tsuneta, S., Acton, L., Bruner, M., Lemen, J., Brown, W., Caravalho, R., Catura, R., Freeland, S., Jurcevich, B. and Owens, J., 1991, “The soft X-ray telescope for the SOLAR-A mission”, Solar Phys., 136, 37–67. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Tsuneta, S., Hara, H., Shimizu, T., Acton, L.W., Strong, K.T., Hudson, H.S. and Ogawara, Y., 1992, “Observation of a solar flare at the limb with the YOHKOH Soft X-ray Telescope”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, 44, L63–L69. [External LinkADS]
Uchida, Y., 1970, “Diagnosis of Coronal Magnetic Structure by Flare-Associated Hydromagnetic Disturbances”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, 22, 341–364. [External LinkADS]
Ugarte-Urra, I., Doyle, J.G., Walsh, R.W. and Madjarska, M.S., 2005, “Electron density along a coronal loop observed with CDS/SOHO”, Astron. Astrophys., 439, 351–359. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ugarte-Urra, I., Warren, H.P. and Brooks, D.H., 2009, “Active Region Transition Region Loop Populations and Their Relationship to the Corona”, Astrophys. J., 695, 642–651. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0901.1075]
Ulrich, R.K., 1996, “Observations of Magnetohydrodynamic Oscillations in the Solar Atmosphere with Properties of Alfvén Waves”, Astrophys. J., 465, 436. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]