Vol. 6 (2009) > lrsp-2009-4

doi: 10.12942/lrsp-2009-4
Living Rev. Solar Phys. 6 (2009), 4

Magnetic Fields in the Solar Convection Zone

1 HAO, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 3450 Mitchell Lane, Boulder, CO 80301, U.S.A.

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Article Abstract

Active regions on the solar surface are generally thought to originate from a strong toroidal magnetic field generated by a deep seated solar dynamo mechanism operating at the base of the solar convection zone. Thus the magnetic fields need to traverse the entire convection zone before they reach the photosphere to form the observed solar active regions. Understanding this process of active region flux emergence is therefore a crucial component for the study of the solar cycle dynamo. This article reviews studies with regard to the formation and rise of active region scale magnetic flux tubes in the solar convection zone and their emergence into the solar atmosphere as active regions.

Keywords: Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), Sunspots, Solar activity, Solar interior, Solar magnetic fields

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Article Citation

Since a Living Reviews in Solar Physics article may evolve over time, please cite the access <date>, which uniquely identifies the version of the article you are referring to:

Yuhong Fan,
"Magnetic Fields in the Solar Convection Zone",
Living Rev. Solar Phys. 6,  (2009),  4. URL (cited on <date>):
http://www.livingreviews.org/lrsp-2009-4

Article History

ORIGINAL http://www.livingreviews.org/lrsp-2004-1
Title Magnetic Fields in the Solar Convection Zone
Author Yuhong Fan
Date accepted 30 June 2004, published 29 July 2004
FAST-TRACK REVISION  
Date accepted 6 February 2007, published 9 February 2007
Changes Sections 5.2 and 8.2 have been significantly rewritten to add new studies and results. Two new figures are added.
Section 8.3 has been updated with recent calculations.
18 new references are included. For detailed description see here .

RefDB records now cited by this article:
UPDATE http://www.livingreviews.org/lrsp-2009-4
Title Magnetic Fields in the Solar Convection Zone
Author Yuhong Fan
Date accepted 9 December 2009, published 14 December 2009
Changes Substantially revised and updated the previous version. Added 15 figures and new Sections 4.3, 5.1.5, 5.2, 5.5, and 5.7.3. 55 new references are added.
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