References

Acuña, M.H., Connerney, J.E.P., Wasilewski, P., Lin, R.P., Anderson, K.A., Carlson, C.W., McFadden, J., Curtis, D.W., Mitchell, D., Reme, H., Mazelle, C., Sauvaud, J.A., D’Uston, C., Cros, A., Medale, J.L., Bauer, S.J., Cloutier, P., Mayhew, M., Winterhalter, D., Ness, N.F., 1998, “Magnetic Field and Plasma Observations at Mars: Initial Results of the Mars Global Surveyor Mission”, Science, 279, 1676–1680. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Alexander, R.D., Clarke, C.J., Pringle, J.E., 2004, “The effects of X-ray photoionization and heating on the structure of circumstellar discs”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 354, 71–80. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0406643]
Alexander, R.D., Clarke, C.J., Pringle, J.E., 2006a, “Photoevaporation of protoplanetary discs - I. Hydrodynamic models”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 369, 216–228. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0603253]
Alexander, R.D., Clarke, C.J., Pringle, J.E., 2006b, “Photoevaporation of protoplanetary discs - II. Evolutionary models and observable properties”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 369, 229–239. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0603254]
Ambartsumian, V.A., Mirzoyan, L.V., 1982, “An observational approach to the early stages of stellar evolution”, Astrophys. Space Sci., 84, 317–330. [External LinkADS]
André, P., Montmerle, T., Feigelson, E.D., 1987, “A VLA survey of radio-emitting young stars in the ρ Ophiuchi dark cloud”, Astron. J., 93, 1182–1198. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
André, P., Deeney, B.D., Phillips, R.B., Lestrade, J.-F., 1992, “VLBI survey of ρ Ophiuchi: A population of magnetized, diskless young stellar objects”, Astrophys. J., 401, 667–677. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Anglada, G., 1995, “Centimeter Continuum Emission from Outflow Sources”, in Circumstellar Disks, Outflows and Star Formation, (Eds.) Lizano, S., Torrelles, J.M., Circumstellar Disks, Outflows and Star Formation, Cozumel, Mexico, Nov 28-Dec 2, 1994, vol. 1 of Revista Mexicana de Astronomia y Astrofisica Serie de Conferencias, pp. 67–76, UNAM, Mexico D.F., Mexico. [External LinkADS]
Anglada, G., Villuendas, E., Estalella, R., Beltrán, M.T., Rodríguez, L.F., Torrelles, J.M., Curiel, S., 1998, “Spectral Indices of Centimeter Continuum Sources in Star-forming Regions: Implications on the Nature of the Outflow Exciting Sources”, Astron. J., 116, 2953–2964. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Antia, H.M., Basu, S., 2005, “The Discrepancy between Solar Abundances and Helioseismology”, Astrophys. Lett., 620, L129–L132. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0501129]
Ardila, D.R., Basri, G., Walter, F.M., Valenti, J.A., Johns-Krull, C.M., 2002, “Observations of T Tauri Stars using Hubble Space Telescope GHRS. I. Far-Ultraviolet Emission Lines”, Astrophys. J., 566, 1100–1123. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0110436]
Argiroffi, C., Maggio, A., Peres, G., Stelzer, B., Neuhäuser, R., 2005, “XMM-Newton spectroscopy of the metal depleted T Tauri star TWA 5”, Astron. Astrophys., 439, 1149–1158. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0505075]
Argiroffi, C., Maggio, A., Peres, G., 2007, “X-ray emission from MP Muscae: an old classical T Tauri star”, Astron. Astrophys., 465, L5–L8. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0701765]
Arnaud, K.A., 1996, “XSPEC: The First Ten Years”, in Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems V , (Eds.) Jacoby, G.H., Barnes, J., vol. 101 of ASP Conference Series, pp. 17–20, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Arzner, K., Güdel, M., 2004, “Are Coronae of Magnetically Active Stars Heated by Flares? III. Analytical Distribution of Superposed Flares”, Astrophys. J., 602, 363–376. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0312405]
Arzner, K., Güdel, M., Briggs, K., Telleschi, A., Audard, M., 2007, “Statistics of superimposed flares in the Taurus molecular cloud”, Astron. Astrophys., 468, 477–484. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Asplund, M., Grevesse, N., Güdel, M., Sauval, A.J., 2005a, “The solar model problem resurrected”, Nature, 436, 525–528. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0510377]
Asplund, M., Grevesse, N., Sauval, A.J., 2005b, “The Solar Chemical Composition”, in Cosmic Abundance as Records of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis in honor of David L. Lambert, (Eds.) Barnes III, T.G., Bash, F.N., Symposium held 17 – 19 June, 2004 in Austin, Texas, vol. 336 of ASP Conference Series, pp. 25–38, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A. [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0410214]
Audard, M., Güdel, M., Guinan, E.F., 1999, “Implications from Extreme-Ultraviolet Observations for Coronal Heating of Active Stars”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 513, L53–L56. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Audard, M., Güdel, M., Drake, J.J., Kashyap, V.L., 2000, “Extreme-Ultraviolet Flare Activity in Late-Type Stars”, Astrophys. J., 541, 396–409. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Audard, M., Güdel, M., Skinner, S.L., 2003a, “Separating the X-Ray Emissions of UV Ceti A and B with Chandra”, Astrophys. J., 589, 983–987. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0303492]
Audard, M., Güdel, M., Sres, A., Raassen, A.J.J., Mewe, R., 2003b, “A study of coronal abundances in RS CVn binaries”, Astron. Astrophys., 398, 1137–1149. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0109268]
Ayres, T.R., 1997, “Evolution of the solar ionizing flux”, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 1641–1652. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ayres, T.R., Linsky, J.L., 1980, “Outer atmospheres of cool stars. V. IUE observations of Capella: The rotation-activity connection”, Astrophys. J., 241, 279–299. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Balbus, S.A., Hawley, J.F., 1991, “A powerful local shear instability in weakly magnetized disks. I - Linear analysis. II - Nonlinear evolution”, Astrophys. J., 376, 214–233. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Baliunas, S.L., Donahue, R.A., Soon, W.H., Horne, J.H., Frazer, J., Woodard-Eklund, L., Bradford, M., Rao, L.M., Wilson, O.C., Zhang, Q., Bennett, W., Briggs, J., Carroll, S.M., Duncan, D.K., Figueroa, D., Lanning, H.H., Misch, T., Mueller, J., Noyes, R.W., Poppe, D., Porter, A.C., Robinson, C.R., Russell, J., Shelton, J.C., Soyumer, T., Vaughan, A.H., Whitney, J.H., 1995, “Chromospheric variations in main-sequence stars. II”, Astrophys. J., 438, 269–287. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Barnes, J.R., Collier Cameron, A., Unruh, Y.C., Donati, J.F., Hussain, G.A.J., 1998, “Latitude distributions and lifetimes of star-spots on G dwarfs in the α Persei cluster”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 299, 904–920. [External LinkADS]
Bary, J.S., Weintraub, D.A., Kastner, J.H., 2003, “Detections of Rovibrational H2 Emission from the Disks of T Tauri Stars”, Astrophys. J., 586, 1136–1147. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0301124]
Basri, G., Bertout, C., 1989, “Accretion disks around T Tauri stars. II - Balmer emission”, Astrophys. J., 341, 340–358. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Benz, A.O., Güdel, M., 1994, “X-ray/microwave ratio of flares and coronae”, Astron. Astrophys., 285, 621–630. [External LinkADS]
Benz, A.O., Conway, J., Güdel, M., 1998, “First VLBI images of a main-sequence star”, Astron. Astrophys., 331, 596–600. [External LinkADS]
Berdyugina, S.V., Pelt, J., Tuominen, I., 2002, “Magnetic activity in the young solar analog LQ Hydrae. I. Active longitudes and cycles”, Astron. Astrophys., 394, 505–515. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bergin, E., Calvet, N., D’Alessio, P., Herczeg, G.J., 2003, “The Effects of UV Continuum and Lyα Radiation on the Chemical Equilibrium of T Tauri Disks”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 591, L159–L162. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0305565]
Bertout, C., 1989, “T Tauri stars - Wild as dust”, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 27, 351–395. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bertout, C., Basri, G., Bouvier, J., 1988, “Accretion disks around T Tauri stars”, Astrophys. J., 330, 350–373. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bieging, J.H., Cohen, M., 1985, “Multifrequency radio images of L1551 IRS 5”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 289, L5–L8. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bieging, J.H., Cohen, M., 1989, “On the radio variability of V410 Tauri”, Astron. J., 98, 1686–1692. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bieging, J.H., Cohen, M., Schwartz, P.R., 1984, “VLA observations of T Tauri stars. II - A luminosity-limited survey of Taurus-Auriga”, Astrophys. J., 282, 699–708. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Boothroyd, A.I., Sackmann, I.-J., Fowler, W.A., 1991, “Our Sun. II. Early mass loss of 0.1M and the case of the missing lithium”, Astrophys. J., 377, 318–329. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bouvier, J., 1990, “Rotation in T Tauri stars. II - Clues for magnetic activity”, Astron. J., 99, 946–964. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Bouvier, J., Cabrit, S., Fernández, M., Martín, E.L., Matthews, J.M., 1993, “COYOTES I: the photometric variability and rotational evolution of T Tauri stars”, Astron. Astrophys., 272, 176–206. [External LinkADS]
Bowring, S.A., Williams, I.S., Compston, W., 1989, “3.96 Ga gneisses from the Slave province, Northwest Territories, Canada”, Geology, 17, 971–975. [External LinkDOI]
Briggs, K.R., Güdel, M., Telleschi, A., Preibisch, T., Stelzer, B., Bouvier, J., Rebull, L., Audard, M., Scelsi, L., Micela, G., Grosso, N., Palla, F., 2007, “The X-ray activity-rotation relation of T Tauri stars in Taurus-Auriga”, Astron. Astrophys., 468, 413–424. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0701422]
Brinkman, A.C., Behar, E., Güdel, M., Audard, M., den Boggende, A.J.F., Branduardi-Raymont, G., Cottam, J., Erd, C., den Herder, J.W., Jansen, F., Kaastra, J.S., Kahn, S.M., Mewe, R., Paerels, F.B.S., Peterson, J.R., Rasmussen, A.P., Sakelliou, I., de Vries, C., 2001, “First light measurements with the XMM-Newton reflection grating spectrometers: Evidence for an inverse first ionisation potential effect and anomalous Ne abundance in the Coronae of HR 1099”, Astron. Astrophys., 365, L324–L328. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0011018]
Brown, A., 1987, “Radio emission from pre-main-sequence stars in Corona Australis”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 322, L31–L34. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Brown, A., Jordan, C., Millar, T.J., Gondhalekar, P., Wilson, R., 1981, “H2 emission in the EUV spectrum of T Tauri and Burnham’s nebula”, Nature, 290, 34–36. [External LinkADS]
Butler, C.J., Rodono, M., Foing, B.H., Haisch, B.M., 1986, “Coordinated EXOSAT and spectroscopic observations of flare stars and coronal heating”, Nature, 321, 679–682. [External LinkADS]
Caffee, M.W., Hohenberg, C.M., Swindle, T.D., Goswami, J.N., 1987, “Evidence in meteorites for an active early Sun”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 313, L31–L35. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Calvet, N., Gullbring, E., 1998, “The Structure and Emission of the Accretion Shock in T Tauri Stars”, Astrophys. J., 509, 802–818. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Calvet, N., Muzerolle, J., Briceño, C., Hernández, J., Hartmann, L., Saucedo, J.L., Gordon, K.D., 2004, “The Mass Accretion Rates of Intermediate-Mass T Tauri Stars”, Astron. J., 128, 1294–1318. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Camenzind, M., 1990, “Magnetized Disk-Winds and the Origin of Bipolar Outflows”, in Accretion and Winds, (Ed.) Klare, G., vol. 3 of Reviews in Modern Astronomy, pp. 234–265, Springer, Berlin, Germany; New York, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Canuto, V.M., Levine, J.S., Augustsson, T.R., Imhoff, C.L., 1982, “UV radiation from the young sun and oxygen and ozone levels in the prebiological palaeoatmosphere”, Nature, 296, 816–820. [External LinkADS]
Canuto, V.M., Levine, J.S., Augustsson, T.R., Imhoff, C.L., Giampapa, M.S., 1983, “The young Sun and the atmosphere and photochemistry of the early Earth”, Nature, 305, 281–286. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Carkner, L., Mamajek, E., Feigelson, E., Neuhauser, R., Wichmann, R., Krautter, J., 1997, “Radio Emission from ROSAT-discovered Young Stars in and around Taurus-Auriga”, Astrophys. J., 490, 735–743. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Carr, M.H., 1986, “Mars: A water-rich planet?”, Icarus, 68, 187–216. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Carr, M.H., Head, J.W., 2003, “Oceans on Mars: An assessment of the observational evidence and possible fate”, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 8–1. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Catala, C., Donati, J.-F., Shkolnik, E., Bohlender, D., Alecian, E., 2007, “The magnetic field of the planet-hosting star τ Bootis”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 374, L42–L46. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0610758]
Cayrel de Strobel, G., Bentolila, C., 1989, “In search of real solar twins. II”, Astron. Astrophys., 211, 324–340. [External LinkADS]
Cess, R.D., Ramanathan, V., Owen, T., 1980, “The Martian paleoclimate and enhanced atmospheric carbon dioxide”, Icarus, 41, 159–165. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Charnley, S.B., 1997, “Chemical models of interstellar gas–grain processes – III. Molecular depletion in NGC 2024”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 291, 455–460. [External LinkADS]
Chassefière, E., 1996a, “Hydrodynamic Escape of Oxygen from Primitive Atmospheres: Applications to the Cases of Venus and Mars”, Icarus, 124, 537–552. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Chassefière, E., 1996b, “Hydrodynamic escape of hydrogen from a hot water-rich atmosphere: The case of Venus”, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 26 039–26 056. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Chassefière, E., 1997, “Loss of Water on the Young Venus: The Effect of a Strong Primitive Solar Wind”, Icarus, 126, 229–232. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Chassefière, E., Leblanc, F., 2004, “Mars atmospheric escape and evolution; interaction with the solar wind”, Planet. Space Sci., 52, 1039–1058. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Chaussidon, M., Robert, F., McKeegan, K.D., 2006, “Li and B isotopic variations in an Allende CAI: Evidence for the in situ decay of short-lived 10Be and for the possible presence of the short-lived nuclide 7Be in the early solar system”, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 70, 224–245. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Chiang, E., Phillips, R.B., Lonsdale, C.J., 1996, “A λ3.6 cm Radio Survey of Low-Mass, Weak-Line T Tauri Stars in Taurus-Auriga”, Astron. J., 111, 355–364. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Chmielewski, Y., Friel, E., Cayrel de Strobel, G., Bentolila, C., 1992, “The 1992 detailed analyses of α Centauri A and α Centauri B”, Astron. Astrophys., 263, 219–231. [External LinkADS]
Clarke, C.J., Gendrin, A., Sotomayor, M., 2001, “The dispersal of circumstellar discs: the role of the ultraviolet switch”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 328, 485–491. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Cohen, M., Bieging, J.H., 1986, “Radio variability and structure of T Tauri stars”, Astron. J., 92, 1396–1402. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Cohen, M., Bieging, J.H., Schwartz, P.R., 1982, “VLA observations of mass loss from T Tauri stars”, Astrophys. J., 253, 707–715. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Collier Cameron, A., Campbell, C.G., 1993, “Rotational evolution of magnetic T Tauri stars with accretion discs”, Astron. Astrophys., 274, 309–318. [External LinkADS]
Collura, A., Pasquini, L., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., 1988, “Time variability in the X-ray emission of dM stars observed by EXOSAT”, Astron. Astrophys., 205, 197–206. [External LinkADS]
Craddock, R.A., Maxwell, T.A., 1993, “Geomorphic evolution of the Martian highlands through ancient fluvial processes”, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 3453–3468. [External LinkADS]
Crosby, N.B., Aschwanden, M.J., Dennis, B.R., 1993, “Frequency distributions and correlations of solar X-ray flare parameters”, Solar Phys., 143, 275–299. [External LinkADS]
Cuntz, M., Rammacher, W., Ulmschneider, P., Musielak, Z.E., Saar, S.H., 1999, “Two-Component Theoretical Chromosphere Models for K Dwarfs of Different Magnetic Activity: Exploring the Ca II Emission-Stellar Rotation Relationship”, Astrophys. J., 522, 1053–1068. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Curiel, S., Rodríguez, L.F., Bohigas, J., Roth, M., Cantó, J., Torrelles, J.M., 1989, “Extended radio continuum emission associated with V645 CYG and MWC1080”, Astrophys. Lett. Comm., 27, 299–309. [External LinkADS]
Curiel, S., Rodríguez, L.F., Moran, J.M., Cantó, J., 1993, “The triple radio continuum source in Serpens: The birth of a Herbig-Haro system?”, Astrophys. J., 415, 191–203. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Damiani, F., Micela, G., Sciortino, S., Harnden Jr, F.R., 1995, “Einstein Observations of T Tauri Stars in Taurus-Auriga. I. Properties of X-Ray Emission”, Astrophys. J., 446, 331–340. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Dempsey, R.C., Linsky, J.L., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Fleming, T.A., 1993, “The ROSAT All-Sky Survey of active binary coronae. II. Coronal temperatures of the RS Canum Venaticorum systems”, Astrophys. J., 413, 333–338. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Donahue, T.M., Hoffman, J.H., Hodges, R.R., Watson, A.J., 1982, “Venus Was Wet: A Measurement of the Ratio of Deuterium to Hydrogen”, Science, 216, 630–633. [External LinkADS]
Donati, J.-F., Mengel, M., Carter, B.D., Marsden, S., Collier Cameron, A., Wichmann, R., 2000, “Surface differential rotation and prominences of the Lupus post T Tauri star RX J1508.6-4423”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 316, 699–715. [External LinkADS]
Donati, J.-F., Collier Cameron, A., Petit, P., 2003a, “Temporal fluctuations in the differential rotation of cool active stars”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 345, 1187–1199. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0307448]
Donati, J.-F., Collier Cameron, A., Semel, M., Hussain, G.A.J., Petit, P., Carter, B.D., Marsden, S.C., Mengel, M., López Ariste, A., Jeffers, S.V., Rees, D.E., 2003b, “Dynamo processes and activity cycles of the active stars AB Doradus, LQ Hydrae and HR 1099”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 345, 1145–1186. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Donati, J.-F., Jardine, M.M., Gregory, S.G., Petit, P., Bouvier, J., Dougados, C., Ménard, F., Cameron, A.C., Harries, T.J., Jeffers, S.V., Paletou, F., 2007, “Magnetic fields and accretion flows on the classical T Tauri star V2129 Oph”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 380, 1297–1312. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0709.1414]
Dorren, J.D., Guinan, E.F., 1994a, “HD 129333: The Sun in its infancy”, Astrophys. J., 428, 805–818. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Dorren, J.D., Guinan, E.F., 1994b, “The Sun in Time: Detecting and Modelling Magnetic Inhomogenities on Solar-Type Stars”, in The Sun as a Variable Star: Solar and Stellar Irradiance Variations, (Eds.) Pap, J.M., Fröhlich, C., Hudson, H.S., Solanki, S.K., Proceedings of IAU Colloquium 143, held in Boulder, Colorado, USA, June 20 – 25, 1993, pp. 206–216, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.; New York, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Dorren, J.D., Guinan, E.F., Dewarf, L.E., 1994, “The Decline of Solar Magnetic Activity with Age”, in Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun: Eighth Cambridge Workshop, (Ed.) Caillault, J.-P., Athens, Georgia, October 11 – 14, 1993, vol. 64 of ASP Conference Series, pp. 399–401, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Dorren, J.D., Güdel, M., Guinan, E.F., 1995, “X-Ray Emission from the Sun in Its Youth and Old Age”, Astrophys. J., 448, 431–436. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Doyle, J.G., Butler, C.J., 1985, “Ultraviolet radiation from stellar flares and the coronal X-ray emission for dwarf-Me stars”, Nature, 313, 378–380. [External LinkADS]
Drake, J.J., Testa, P., 2005, “The ‘solar model problem’ solved by the abundance of neon in nearby stars”, Nature, 436, 525–528. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0506182]
Drake, J.J., Laming, J.M., Widing, K.G., 1995, “Stellar coronal abundances. II. The first ionization potential effect and its absence in the corona of procyon”, Astrophys. J., 443, 393–415. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Drake, J.J., Brickhouse, N.S., Kashyap, V., Laming, J.M., Huenemoerder, D.P., Smith, R., Wargelin, B.J., 2001, “Enhanced Noble Gases in the Coronae of Active Stars”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 548, L81–L85. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Drake, J.J., Testa, P., Hartmann, L., 2005, “X-Ray Diagnostics of Grain Depletion in Matter Accreting onto T Tauri Stars”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 627, L149–L152. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0506185]
Drake, S.A., Simon, T., Brown, A., 1993, “Detection of radio continuum emission from Procyon”, Astrophys. J., 406, 247–251. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Dravins, D., Lindegren, L., Vandenberg, D.A., 1998, “Beta Hydri (G2 IV): a revised age for the closest subgiant”, Astron. Astrophys., 330, 1077–1079. [External LinkADS]
Dupree, A.K., Benz, A.O. (Eds.), 2004, Stars as suns: Activity, evolution and planets, Proceedings of the 219th Symposium of the IAU held during the IAU General Assembly XXV, Sydney, Australia, 21–25 July 2003, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Duquennoy, A., Mayor, M., 1991, “Multiplicity among solar-type stars in the solar neighbourhood. II. Distribution of the orbital elements in an unbiased sample”, Astron. Astrophys., 248, 485–524. [External LinkADS]
Favata, F., Micela, G., Baliunas, S.L., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Güdel, M., Harnden Jr, F.R., Sciortino, S., Stern, R.A., 2004, “High-amplitude, long-term X-ray variability in the solar-type star HD 81809: The beginning of an X-ray activity cycle?”, Astron. Astrophys., 418, L13–L16. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0403142]
Favata, F., Micela, G., Silva, B., Sciortino, S., Tsujimoto, M., 2005, “A survey for Fe 6.4 keV emission in young stellar objects in ρ Oph: The strong fluorescence from Elias 29”, Astron. Astrophys., 433, 1047–1054. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0412510]
Fawzy, D., Stȩpień, K., Ulmschneider, P., Rammacher, W., Musielak, Z.E., 2002, “Acoustic and magnetic wave heating in stars . III. The chromospheric emission-magnetic filling factor relation”, Astron. Astrophys., 386, 994–1000. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Feigelson, E.D., Decampli, W.M., 1981, “Observations of X-ray emission from T Tauri stars”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 243, L89–L93. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Feigelson, E.D., Kriss, G.A., 1981, “Discovery of three X-ray luminous pre-main-sequence stars”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 248, L35–L38. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Feigelson, E.D., Kriss, G.A., 1989, “Soft X-ray observations of pre-main-sequence stars in the Chamaeleon dark cloud”, Astrophys. J., 338, 262–276. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Feigelson, E.D., Montmerle, T., 1985, “An extremely variable radio star in the rho Ophiuchi cloud”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 289, L19–L23. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Feigelson, E.D., Montmerle, T., 1999, “High-Energy Processes in Young Stellar Objects”, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 37, 363–408. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Feigelson, E.D., Casanova, S., Montmerle, T., Guibert, J., 1993, “ROSAT X-Ray Study of the Chamaeleon I Dark Cloud. I. The Stellar Population”, Astrophys. J., 416, 623–646. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Feigelson, E.D., Carkner, L., Wilking, B.A., 1998, “Circularly Polarized Radio Emission from an X-Ray Protostar”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 494, L215–218. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Feigelson, E.D., Broos, P., Gaffney III, J.A., Garmire, G., Hillenbrand, L.A., Pravdo, S.H., Townsley, L., Tsuboi, Y., 2002a, “X-Ray-emitting Young Stars in the Orion Nebula”, Astrophys. J., 574, 258–292. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0203316]
Feigelson, E.D., Garmire, G.P., Pravdo, S.H., 2002b, “Magnetic Flaring in the Pre-Main-Sequence Sun and Implications for the Early Solar System”, Astrophys. J., 572, 335–349. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0202046]
Feigelson, E.D., Townsley, L., Güdel, M., Stassun, K., 2007, “X-Ray Properties of Young Stars and Stellar Clusters”, in Protostars and Planets V , (Eds.) Reipurth, B., Jewitt, D., Keil, K., pp. 313–328, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Feldman, U., 1992, “Elemental abundances in the upper solar atmosphere”, Phys. Scripta, 46, 202–220. [External LinkADS]
Feldman, W.C., Asbridge, J.R., Bame, S.J., Gosling, J.T., 1977, “Plasma and Magnetic Fields from the Sun”, in The Solar Output and its Variation, (Ed.) White, O.R., Proceedings of a workshop, held in Boulder, Colorado, April 26 – 28, 1976, p. 351, Colorado Associated University Press, Boulder, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Felli, M., Taylor, G.B., Catarzi, M., Churchwell, E., Kurtz, S., 1993, “The Orion Radio Zoo Revisited - Source Variability”, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl., 101, 127–151. [External LinkADS]
Ferreira, J., Zanni, C., 2007, “On some MHD aspects of star-disc-jets systems”, Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital., 78, 348–355. [External LinkADS]
Flaccomio, E., Micela, G., Sciortino, S., 2003, “Time evolution of X-ray coronal activity in PMS stars; a possible relation with the evolution of accretion disks”, Astron. Astrophys., 402, 277–292. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0302329]
Flaccomio, E., Micela, G., Sciortino, S., Feigelson, E.D., Herbst, W., Favata, F., Harnden Jr, F.R., Vrtilek, S.D., 2005, “Rotational Modulation of X-Ray Emission in Orion Nebula Young Stars”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 160, 450–468. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0506164]
Forget, F., Pierrehumbert, R.T., 1997, “Warming Early Mars with Carbon Dioxide Clouds That Scatter Infrared Radiation”, Science, 278, 1273–1276. [External LinkADS]
Frisch, P.C., 2000, “The galactic environment of the Sun”, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 10 279–10 290. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Frisch, P.C., Slavin, J.D., 2003, “The Chemical Composition and Gas-to-Dust Mass Ratio of Nearby Interstellar Matter”, Astrophys. J., 594, 844–858. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0306590]
Frisch, P.C., Slavin, J.D., 2005, “Heliospheric implications of structure in the interstellar medium”, Adv. Space Res., 35, 2048–2054. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Frisch, P.C., Slavin, J.D., 2006, “The Sun’s journey through the local interstellar medium: the paleoLISM and paleoheliosphere”, Astrophys. Space Sci. Trans., 2, 53–61. [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0606743]. URL (cited on 09 April 2007):
External Linkhttp://www.astrophys-space-sci-trans.net/2/53/2006/
Fröhlich, H.-E., Tschäpe, R., Rüdiger, G., Strassmeier, K.G., 2002, “EK Draconis: Long-term photometry on Sonneberg Sky-Patrol plates”, Astron. Astrophys., 391, 659–663. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Fromang, S., Terquem, C., Balbus, S.A., 2002, “The ionization fraction in α models of protoplanetary discs”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 329, 18–28. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0109008]
Gagné, M., Caillault, J.-P., 1994, “The complete Einstein Observatory X-ray survey of the Orion Nebula region”, Astrophys. J., 437, 361–383. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Gagne, M., Caillault, J.-P., Stauffer, J.R., 1995a, “Spectral and Temporal Characteristics of X-Ray–bright Stars in the Pleiades”, Astrophys. J., 450, 217–232. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Gagne, M., Caillault, J.-P., Stauffer, J.R., 1995b, “Deep ROSAT HRI observations of the Orion nebula region”, Astrophys. J., 445, 280–313. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Gaidos, E.J., Güdel, M., Blake, G.A., 2000, “The Faint Young Sun Paradox: An Observational Test of an Alternative Solar Model”, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 501–503. [External LinkADS]
Gammie, C.F., 1996, “Layered Accretion in T Tauri Disks”, Astrophys. J., 457, 355–362. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Gary, D.E., Hurford, G.J., 1994, “Coronal temperature, density, and magnetic field maps of a solar acitve region using the Owens Valley Solar Array”, Astrophys. J., 420, 903–912. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Gayley, K.G., Zank, G.P., Pauls, H.L., Frisch, P.C., Welty, D.E., 1997, “One- versus Two-Shock Heliosphere: Constraining Models with Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph Lyα Spectra toward α Centauri”, Astrophys. J., 487, 259–270. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Geiss, J., Bochsler, P., 1991, “Long time variations in solar wind properties - Possible causes versus observations”, in The Sun in Time, (Eds.) Sonett, C.P., Giampapa, M.S., Matthews, M.S., pp. 98–117, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, U.S.A.
Getman, K.V., Feigelson, E.D., Townsley, L., Bally, J., Lada, C.J., Reipurth, B., 2002, “Chandra Study of Young Stellar Objects in the NGC 1333 Star-forming Cloud”, Astrophys. J., 575, 354–377. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0204252]
Giampapa, M.S., Golub, L., Peres, G., Serio, S., Vaiana, G.S., 1985, “Closed coronal structures. VI. Far-ultraviolet and X-ray emission from active late-type stars and the applicability of coronal loop models”, Astrophys. J., 289, 203–212. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Giampapa, M.S., Rosner, R., Kashyap, V., Fleming, T.A., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Bookbinder, J.A., 1996, “The Coronae of Low-Mass Dwarf Stars”, Astrophys. J., 463, 707–725. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Glandorf, D.L., Colaprete, A., Tolbert, M.A., Toon, O.B., 2002, “CO2 Snow on Mars and Early Earth: Experimental Constraints”, Icarus, 160, 66–72. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Glassgold, A.E., Najita, J., Igea, J., 1997, “X-Ray Ionization of Protoplanetary Disks”, Astrophys. J., 480, 344–350. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Glassgold, A.E., Najita, J., Igea, J., 2004, “Heating Protoplanetary Disk Atmospheres”, Astrophys. J., 615, 972–990. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Glassgold, A.E., Feigelson, E.D., Montmerle, T., Wolk, S., 2005, “X-Ray Flares of Sun-like Young Stellar Objects and Their Effects on Protoplanetary Disks”, in Chondrites and the Protoplanetary Disk, (Eds.) Krot, A.N., Scott, E.R.D., Reipurth, B., vol. 341, pp. 165–180, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Glassgold, A.E., Najita, J.R., Igea, J., 2007, “Neon Fine-Structure Line Emission by X-Ray Irradiated Protoplanetary Disks”, Astrophys. J., 656, 515–523. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0611094]
Gorti, U., Hollenbach, D., 2004, “Models of Chemistry, Thermal Balance, and Infrared Spectra from Intermediate-Aged Disks around G and K Stars”, Astrophys. J., 613, 424–447. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0405244]
Goswami, J.N., Vanhala, H.A.T., 2000, “Extinct Radionuclides and the Origin of the Solar System”, in Protostars and Planets IV , (Eds.) Mannings, V., Boss, A., Russell, S.S., Space Science Series, pp. 963–994, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Goswami, J.N., Marhas, K.K., Sahijpal, S., 2001, “Did Solar Energetic Particles Produce the Short-lived Nuclides Present in the Early Solar System?”, Astrophys. J., 549, 1151–1159. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Gounelle, M., Shu, F.H., Shang, H., Glassgold, A.E., Rehm, K.E., Lee, T., 2001, “Extinct Radioactivities and Protosolar Cosmic Rays: Self-Shielding and Light Elements”, Astrophys. J., 548, 1051–1070. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Graedel, T.E., Sackmann, I.-J., Boothroyd, A.I., 1991, “Early solar mass loss - A potential solution to the weak sun paradox”, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 1881–1884. [External LinkADS]
Granzer, T., Schüssler, M., Caligari, P., Strassmeier, K.G., 2000, “Distribution of starspots on cool stars. II. Pre-main-sequence and ZAMS stars between 0.4M and 1.7M”, Astron. Astrophys., 355, 1087–1097. [External LinkADS]
Gregory, S.G., Jardine, M., Simpson, I., Donati, J.-F., 2006, “Mass accretion on to T Tauri stars”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 371, 999–1013. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0606682]
Grießmeier, J.-M., Stadelmann, A., Penz, T., Lammer, H., Selsis, F., Ribas, I., Guinan, E.F., Motschmann, U., Biernat, H.K., Weiss, W.W., 2004, “The effect of tidal locking on the magnetospheric and atmospheric evolution of “Hot Jupiters””, Astron. Astrophys., 425, 753–762. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Grosso, N., Montmerle, T., Feigelson, E.D., André, P., Casanova, S., Gregorio-Hetem, J., 1997, “An X-ray superflare are from an infrared protostar”, Nature, 387, 56–58. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Grosso, N., Montmerle, T., Bontemps, S., André, P., Feigelson, E.D., 2000, “X-rays and regions of star formation: a combined ROSAT-HRI/near-to-mid IR study of the ρ Oph dark cloud”, Astron. Astrophys., 359, 113–130. [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0005391]
Güdel, M., 1997, “Are Coronae of Magnetically Active Stars Heated by Flares?”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 480, L121–L124. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., 2002, “Stellar Radio Astronomy: Probing Stellar Atmospheres from Protostars to Giants”, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 40, 217–261. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0206436]
Güdel, M., 2003, “The Sun in Time: From PMS to Main Sequence”, in Magnetism and Activity of the Sun and Stars, (Eds.) Arnaud, J., Meunier, N., Proceedings of an international conference to honor the work of Jean-Louis Leroy, Toulouse, France, September 17 – 21, 2002, vol. 9 of EAS Publications Series, pp. 339–348, EDP Sciences, Les Ulis, France. [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., 2004, “X-ray astronomy of stellar coronae”, Astron. Astrophys. Rev., 12, 71–237. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0406661]
Güdel, M., Benz, A.O., 1989, “Broad-band spectrum of dMe star radio emission”, Astron. Astrophys., 211, L5–L8. [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., Benz, A.O., 1993, “X-ray/microwave relation of different types of active stars”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 405, L63–L66. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., Gaidos, E.J., 2001, “Deep Radio Observations of Young Solar Analogs”, in Cool Stars, Stellar Systems and the Sun: 11th Cambridge Workshop, (Eds.) García López, R.J., Rebolo, R., Zapaterio Osorio, M.R., Proceedings of a meeting held at Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain, 4 – 8 October 1999, vol. 223 of ASP Conference Series, pp. 662–667, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., Telleschi, A., 2007, “The X-ray soft excess in classical T Tauri stars”, Astron. Astrophys., 474, L25–L28. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0709.0881]
Güdel, M., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Benz, A.O., 1994, “Discovery of Microwave Emission from Four Nearby Solar-Type G Stars”, Science, 265, 933–935. [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Benz, A.O., 1995a, “A bright X-ray and radio corona on the F0V star 47 Cas?”, Astron. Astrophys., 293, L49–L52. [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Benz, A.O., 1995b, “Microwave emission from X-ray bright solar-like stars: the F-G main sequence and beyond”, Astron. Astrophys., 302, 775–787. [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Benz, A.O., Elias II, N.M., 1995c, “The corona of the young solar analog EK Draconis”, Astron. Astrophys., 301, 201–212. [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., Guinan, E.F., Mewe, R., Kaastra, J.S., Skinner, S.L., 1997a, “A Determination of the Coronal Emission Measure Distribution in the Young Solar Analog EK Draconis from ASCA/EUVE Spectra”, Astrophys. J., 479, 416–426. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., Guinan, E.F., Skinner, S.L., 1997b, “The X-Ray Sun in Time: A Study of the Long-Term Evolution of Coronae of Solar-Type Stars”, Astrophys. J., 483, 947–960. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., Guinan, E.F., Etzel, P.B., Mewe, R., Kaastra, J.S., Skinner, S.L., 1998a, “Assembling the Pieces of the Puzzle: A Nearby, Rapidly Rotating Young Sun in 47 Cas?”, in Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun: Tenth Cambridge Workshop, (Eds.) Donahue, R.A., Bookbinder, J.A., Proceedings of a meeting held at Cambridge, Massachusetts, 15–19 July 1997, vol. 154 of ASP Conference Series, pp. 1247–1256, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., Guinan, E.F., Skinner, S.L., 1998b, “The X-Ray and Radio Sun in Time: Coronal Evolution of Solar-Type Stars with Different Ages”, in Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun: Tenth Cambridge Workshop, (Eds.) Donahue, R.A., Bookbinder, J.A., Proceedings of a meeting held at Cambridge, Massachusetts, 15–19 July 1997, vol. 154 of ASP Conference Series, pp. 1041–1050, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., Audard, M., Briggs, K., Haberl, F., Magee, H., Maggio, A., Mewe, R., Pallavicini, R., Pye, J., 2001, “The XMM-Newton view of stellar coronae: X-ray spectroscopy of the corona of AB Doradus”, Astron. Astrophys., 365, L336–L343. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., Arzner, K., Audard, M., Mewe, R., 2003a, “Tomography of a stellar X-ray corona: α Coronae Borealis”, Astron. Astrophys., 403, 155–171. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Güdel, M., Audard, M., Kashyap, V.L., Drake, J.J., Guinan, E.F., 2003b, “Are Coronae of Magnetically Active Stars Heated by Flares? II. Extreme Ultraviolet and X-Ray Flare Statistics and the Differential Emission Measure Distribution”, Astrophys. J., 582, 423–442. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0209075]
Güdel, M., Briggs, K.R., Arzner, K., Audard, M., Bouvier, J., Feigelson, E.D., Franciosini, E., Glauser, A., Grosso, N., Micela, G., Monin, J.L., Montmerle, T., Padgett, D.L., Palla, F., Pillitteri, I., Rebull, L., Scelsi, L., Silva, B., Skinner, S.L., Stelzer, B., Telleschi, A., 2007a, “The XMM-Newton Extended Survey of the Taurus Molecular Cloud (XEST)”, Astron. Astrophys., 468, 353–377. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0609160]
Güdel, M., Skinner, S.L., Mel’nikov, S.Y., Audard, M., Telleschi, A., Briggs, K.R., 2007b, “X-rays from T Tau: A test case for accreting T Tauri stars”, Astron. Astrophys., 468, 529–540. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0612589]
Guinan, E.F., Ribas, I., 2002, “Our Changing Sun: The Role of Solar Nuclear Evolution and Magnetic Activity on Earth’s Atmosphere and Climate”, in The Evolving Sun and its Influence on Planetary Environments, (Eds.) Montesinos, B., Giménez, A., Guinan, E.F., Proceedings of a workshop held at Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, Granada, Spain, 18 – 20 June 2001, vol. 269 of ASP Conference Series, pp. 85–106, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Guinan, E.F., Ribas, I., Harper, G.M., 2002, “Reconstructing the Sun’s Magnetic History and Spectral Irradiance Evolution from X-ray, EUV, and FUV Observations of Solar Proxies with Different Ages”, in Continuing the Challenge of EUV Astronomy: Current Analysis and Prospects for the Future, (Eds.) Howell, S.B., Dupuis, J., Golombek, D., Walter, F.M., Cullison, J., vol. 264 of ASP Conference Series, pp. 139–153, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Guinan, E.F., Ribas, I., Harper, G.M., 2003, “Far-Ultraviolet Emissions of the Sun in Time: Probing Solar Magnetic Activity and Effects on Evolution of Paleoplanetary Atmospheres”, Astrophys. J., 594, 561–572. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0305279]
Gullbring, E., Hartmann, L., Briceño, C., Calvet, N., 1998, “Disk Accretion Rates for T Tauri Stars”, Astrophys. J., 492, 323–341. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Günther, H.M., Liefke, C., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Robrade, J., Ness, J.-U., 2006, “X-ray accretion signatures in the close CTTS binary V4046 Sagittarii”, Astron. Astrophys., 459, L29–L32. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0610121]
Gustafsson, B., 1998, “Is the Sun a Sun-Like Star?”, Space Sci. Rev., 85, 419–428. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Guzik, J.A., Cox, A.N., 1995, “Early Solar Mass Loss, Element Diffusion, and Solar Oscillation Frequencies”, Astrophys. J., 448, 905–914. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Haisch, B.M., Butler, C.J., Foing, B., Rodono, M., Giampapa, M.S., 1990, “Rotational modulation and flares on RS Canum Venaticorum and BY Draconis-type stars. XV. Observations of Proxima Centauri and solar calibration data”, Astron. Astrophys., 232, 387–395. [External LinkADS]
Han, I., Gatewood, G., 2002, “A Precise Orbit Determination of χ1 Orionis from Astrometric and Radial Velocity Data”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 114, 224–228. [External LinkADS]
Hatzes, A.P., 1995, “Doppler Imaging of the Cool Spot Distribution on the Weak T Tauri Star V410 Tauri”, Astrophys. J., 451, 784–794. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hayashi, M.R., Shibata, K., Matsumoto, R., 1996, “X-Ray Flares and Mass Outflows Driven by Magnetic Interaction between a Protostar and Its Surrounding Disk”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 468, L37–L40. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/9606157]
Hempelmann, A., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Stȩpień, K., 1996, “Coronal X-ray emission of cool stars in relation to chromospheric activity and magnetic cycles”, Astron. Astrophys., 305, 284–295. [External LinkADS]
Hempelmann, A., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Baliunas, S.L., Donahue, R.A., 2003, “Evidence for coronal activity cycles on 61 Cygni A and B”, Astron. Astrophys., 406, L39–L42. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hempelmann, A., Robrade, J., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Favata, F., Baliunas, S.L., Hall, J.C., 2006, “Coronal activity cycles in 61 Cygni”, Astron. Astrophys., 460, 261–267. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hénoux, J.-C., 1995, “Models for explaining the observed spatial variation of element abundances – A review”, Adv. Space Res., 15, 23–32. [External LinkADS]
Herbig, G.H., Soderblom, D.R., 1980, “Observations and interpretation of the near-infrared line spectra of T Tauri stars”, Astrophys. J., 242, 628–637. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Herczeg, G.J., Linsky, J.L., Valenti, J.A., Johns-Krull, C.M., Wood, B.E., 2002, “The Far-Ultraviolet Spectrum of TW Hydrae. I. Observations of H2 Fluorescence”, Astrophys. J., 572, 310–325. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0201319]
Herczeg, G.J., Wood, B.E., Linsky, J.L., Valenti, J.A., Johns-Krull, C.M., 2004, “The Far-Ultraviolet Spectra of TW Hydrae. II. Models of H2 Fluorescence in a Disk”, Astrophys. J., 607, 369–383. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0402238]
Herczeg, G.J., Linsky, J.L., Walter, F.M., Gahm, G.F., Johns-Krull, C.M., 2006, “The Origins of Fluorescent H2 Emission From T Tauri Stars”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 165, 256–282. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0602404]
Hester, J.J., Scowen, P.A., Sankrit, R., Lauer, T.R., Ajhar, E.A., Baum, W.A., Code, A., Currie, D.G., Danielson, G.E., Ewald, S.P., Faber, S.M., Grillmair, C.J., Groth, E.J., Holtzman, J.A., Hunter, D.A., Kristian, J., Light, R.M., Lynds, C.R., Monet, D.G., O’Neil Jr, E.J., Shaya, E.J., Seidelmann, K.P., Westphal, J.A., 1996, “Hubble Space Telescope WFPC2 Imaging of M16: Photoevaporation and Emerging Young Stellar Objects”, Astron. J., 111, 2349–2360. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hester, J.J., Desch, S.J., Healy, K.R., Leshin, L.A., 2004, “The Cradle of the Solar System”, Science, 304, 1116–1117. [External LinkADS]
Hobbs, L.M., Iben, I.J., Pilachowski, C., 1989, “On lithium removal from G dwarfs”, Astrophys. J., 347, 817–820. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hollenbach, D., Johnstone, D., Lizano, S., Shu, F., 1994, “Photoevaporation of disks around massive stars and application to ultracompact H II regions”, Astrophys. J., 428, 654–669. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Holman, G.D., 1986, “Coronal Heating and the X-Ray and Microwave Emission from M-Dwarf Flare Stars”, in Cool Stars, Stellar Systems and the Sun, (Eds.) Zeilik, M., Gibson, D.M., Proceedings of the Fourth Cambridge Workshop, held in Santa Fe, New Mexico, October 16 – 18, 1985, vol. 254 of Lecture Notes in Physics, pp. 271–274, Springer, Berlin, Germany; New York, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Holman, G.D., Benka, S.G., 1992, “A hybrid thermal/nonthermal model for the energetic emissions from solar flares”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 400, L79–L82. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Holzwarth, V., Mackay, D.H., Jardine, M., 2006, “The impact of meridional circulation on stellar butterfly diagrams and polar caps”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 369, 1703–1718. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0604102]
Huenemoerder, D.P., Canizares, C.R., Schulz, N.S., 2001, “X-Ray Spectroscopy of II Pegasi: Coronal Temperature Structure, Abundances, and Variability”, Astrophys. J., 559, 1135–1146. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0106007]
Huenemoerder, D.P., Canizares, C.R., Drake, J.J., Sanz-Forcada, J., 2003, “The Coronae of AR Lacertae”, Astrophys. J., 595, 1131–1147. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0306380]
Hughes, V.A., 1997, “An Evolving Radio Source in the Young Star-forming Region Cepheus A”, Astrophys. J., 481, 857–865. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Hünsch, M., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Schroeder, K.-P., Reimers, D., 1996, “ROSAT X-ray observations of a complete, volume-limited sample of late-type giants”, Astron. Astrophys., 310, 801–812. [External LinkADS]
Hunten, D.M., 1973, “The Escape of Light Gases from Planetary Atmospheres”, J. Atmos. Sci., 30, 1481–1494. [External LinkADS]
Hussain, G.A.J., van Ballegooijen, A.A., Jardine, M., Collier Cameron, A., 2002, “The Coronal Topology of the Rapidly Rotating K0 Dwarf AB Doradus. I. Using Surface Magnetic Field Maps to Model the Structure of the Stellar Corona”, Astrophys. J., 575, 1078–1086. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0207452]
Hussain, G.A.J., Jardine, M., Donati, J.-F., Brickhouse, N.S., Dunstone, N.J., Wood, K., Dupree, A.K., Collier Cameron, A., Favata, F., 2007, “The coronal structure of AB Doradus determined from contemporaneous Doppler imaging and X-ray spectroscopy”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 377, 1488–1502. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0703619]
Hutchins, K.S., Jakosky, B.M., Luhmann, J.G., 1997, “Impact of a paleomagnetic field on sputtering loss of Martian atmospheric argon and neon”, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 9183–9190. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Igea, J., Glassgold, A.E., 1999, “X-Ray Ionization of the Disks of Young Stellar Objects”, Astrophys. J., 518, 848–858. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Ilgner, M., Nelson, R.P., 2006, “On the ionisation fraction in protoplanetary disks. II. The effect of turbulent mixing on gas-phase chemistry”, Astron. Astrophys., 445, 223–232. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0509553]
Imanishi, K., Koyama, K., Tsuboi, Y., 2001, “Chandra Observation of the ρ Ophiuchi Cloud”, Astrophys. J., 557, 747–760. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Imanishi, K., Tsujimoto, M., Koyama, K., 2002, “Chandra and ASCA Observations of the X-Ray-brightest T Tauri Stars in the ρ Ophiuchi Cloud”, Astrophys. J., 572, 300–309. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0202287]
Imanishi, K., Nakajima, H., Tsujimoto, M., Koyama, K., Tsuboi, Y., 2003, “A Systematic Study of X-Ray Flares from Low-Mass Young Stellar Objects in the ρ Ophiuchi Star-Forming Region with Chandra”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, 55, 653–681. [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0305170]
Ingersoll, A.P., 1969, “The Runaway Greenhouse: A History of Water on Venus”, J. Atmos. Sci., 26, 1191–1198. [External LinkADS]
Işık, E., Schüssler, M., Solanki, S.K., 2007, “Magnetic flux transport on active cool stars and starspot lifetimes”, Astron. Astrophys., 464, 1049–1057. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0612399]
Jakosky, B.M., Pepin, R.O., Johnson, R.E., Fox, J.L., 1994, “Mars atmospheric loss and isotopic fractionation by solar-wind-induced sputtering and photochemical escape”, Icarus, 111, 271–288. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
James, D.J., Jeffries, R.D., 1997, “Rotation, activity and lithium in NGC 6475”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 292, 252–272. [External LinkADS]
Jardine, M., Collier Cameron, A., Donati, J.-F., 2002a, “The global magnetic topology of AB Doradus”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 333, 339–346. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0205132]
Jardine, M., Wood, K., Collier Cameron, A., Donati, J.-F., Mackay, D.H., 2002b, “Inferring X-ray coronal structures from Zeeman-Doppler images”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 336, 1364–1370. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0207522]
Jardine, M., Wood, K., Collier Cameron, A., Donati, J.-F., Mackay, D.H., 2002c, “Inferring X-ray coronal structures from Zeeman-Doppler images”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 336, 1364–1370. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0207522]
Jardine, M., Collier Cameron, A., Donati, J.-F., Gregory, S.G., Wood, K., 2006, “X-ray emission from T Tauri stars”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 367, 917–927. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0601213]
Järvinen, S.P., Berdyugina, S.V., Strassmeier, K.G., 2005, “Spots on EK Draconis. Active longitudes and cycles from long-term photometry”, Astron. Astrophys., 440, 735–741. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Jeans, J.H., 1925, The Dynamical Theory of Gases, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 4th edn.
Johns-Krull, C.M., 2007a, “The Magnetic Fields of Classical T Tauri Stars”, Astrophys. J., 664, 975–985. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0704.2923]
Johns-Krull, C.M., 2007b, “The Magnetic Field of the Class I Protostar WL 17”, conference paper. Poster #I.6
Johns-Krull, C.M., Valenti, J.A., Koresko, C., 1999, “Measuring the Magnetic Field on the Classical T Tauri Star BP Tauri”, Astrophys. J., 516, 900–915. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Johns-Krull, C.M., Valenti, J.A., Linsky, J.L., 2000, “An IUE Atlas of Pre-Main-Sequence Stars. II. Far-Ultraviolet Accretion Diagnostics in T Tauri Stars”, Astrophys. J., 539, 815–833. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Joncour, I., Bertout, C., Menard, F., 1994, “Doppler imaging of the T Tauri star V410 Tau”, Astron. Astrophys., 285, L25–L28. [External LinkADS]
Jordan, C., Montesinos, B., 1991, “The dependence of coronal temperatures on Rossby numbers”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 252, 21P–26P. [External LinkADS]
Jordan, C., Ayres, T.R., Brown, A., Linsky, J.L., Simon, T., 1987, “The chromospheres and coronae of five G-K main-sequence stars”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 225, 903–937. [External LinkADS]
Jordan, C., Doschek, G.A., Drake, J.J., Galvin, A.B., Raymond, J.C., 1998, “Coronal Abundances: What are They?”, in Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun: Tenth Cambridge Workshop, (Eds.) Donahue, R.A., Bookbinder, J.A., Proceedings of a meeting held at Cambridge, Massachusetts, 15–19 July 1997, vol. 154, pp. 91–109, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Franciso, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Joy, A.H., 1945, “T Tauri Variable Stars”, Astrophys. J., 102, 168–195. [External LinkADS]
Kamata, Y., Koyama, K., Tsuboi, Y., Yamauchi, S., 1997, “X-Ray Analysis of the ρ Ophiuchi Dark Cloud with ASCA: Source Identification, X-Ray Spectra, and Temporal Variability”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, 49, 461–470. [External LinkADS]
Karhu, J., Epstein, S., 1986, “The implication of the oxygen isotope records in coexisting cherts and phosphates”, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 50, 1745–1756. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kashyap, V.L., Drake, J.J., Güdel, M., Audard, M., 2002, “Flare Heating in Stellar Coronae”, Astrophys. J., 580, 1118–1132. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0208546]
Kasting, J.F., 1988, “Runaway and moist greenhouse atmospheres and the evolution of earth and Venus”, Icarus, 74, 472–494. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kasting, J.F., 1989, “Long-term stability of the Earths’s climate”, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 75, 83–95. [External LinkDOI]
Kasting, J.F., 1991, “CO2 condensation and the climate of early Mars”, Icarus, 94, 1–13. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kasting, J.F., Catling, D., 2003, “Evolution of a Habitable Planet”, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 41, 429–463. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kasting, J.F., Grinspoon, D.H., 1991, “The faint young sun problem”, in The Sun in Time, (Eds.) Sonett, C.P., Giampapa, M.S., Matthews, M.S., pp. 447–462, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, U.S.A.
Kasting, J.F., Pollack, J.B., 1983, “Loss of water from Venus. I - Hydrodynamic escape of hydrogen”, Icarus, 53, 479–508. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kasting, J.F., Toon, O.B., 1989, “Climate evolution on the terrestrial planets”, in Origin and Evolution of Planetary and Satellite Atmospheres, (Eds.) Atreya, S.K., Pollack, J.B., Matthews, M.S., pp. 423–449, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, U.S.A.
Kasting, J.F., Pollack, J.B., Ackerman, T.P., 1984, “Response of Earth’s atmosphere to increases in solar flux and implications for loss of water from Venus”, Icarus, 57, 335–355. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kastner, J.H., Myers, P.C., 1994, “An observational estimate of the probability of encounters between mass-losing evolved stars and molecular clouds”, Astrophys. J., 421, 605–615. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kastner, J.H., Huenemoerder, D.P., Schulz, N.S., Canizares, C.R., Weintraub, D.A., 2002, “Evidence for Accretion: High-Resolution X-Ray Spectroscopy of the Classical T Tauri Star TW Hydrae”, Astrophys. J., 567, 434–440. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0111049]
Kastner, J.H., Huenemoerder, D.P., Schulz, N.S., Canizares, C.R., Li, J., Weintraub, D.A., 2004, “The Coronal X-Ray Spectrum of the Multiple Weak-lined T Tauri Star System HD 98800”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 605, L49–L52. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0403062]
Kastner, J.H., Franz, G., Grosso, N., Bally, J., McCaughrean, M.J., Getman, K., Feigelson, E.D., Schulz, N.S., 2005, “X-Ray Emission from Orion Nebula Cluster Stars with Circumstellar Disks and Jets”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 160, 511–529. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0506650]
Kervella, P., Thévenin, F., Ségransan, D., Berthomieu, G., Lopez, B., Morel, P., Provost, J., 2003, “The diameters of alpha Centauri A and B. A comparison of the asteroseismic and VINCI/VLTI views”, Astron. Astrophys., 404, 1087–1097. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0303634]
Khodachenko, M.L., Lammer, H., Lichtenegger, H.I.M., Langmayr, D., Erkaev, N.V., Grießmeier, J.-M., Leitner, M., Penz, T., Biernat, H.K., Motschmann, U., Rucker, H.O., 2007, “Mass loss of Hot Jupiters: Implications for CoRoT discoveries. Part I: The importance of magnetospheric protection of a planet against ion loss caused by coronal mass ejections”, Planet. Space Sci., 55, 631–642. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
King, J.R., Villarreal, A.R., Soderblom, D.R., Gulliver, A.F., Adelman, S.J., 2003, “Stellar Kinematic Groups. II. A Reexamination of the Membership, Activity, and Age of the Ursa Major Group”, Astron. J., 125, 1980–2017. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
König, B., Fuhrmann, K., Neuhäuser, R., Charbonneau, D., Jayawardhana, R., 2002, “Direct detection of the companion of χ1 Orionis”, Astron. Astrophys., 394, L43–L46. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0209404]
König, B., Guenther, E.W., Woitas, J., Hatzes, A.P., 2005, “The young active binary star EK Draconis”, Astron. Astrophys., 435, 215–223. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0501608]
Königl, A., 1991, “Disk accretion onto magnetic T Tauri stars”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 370, L39–L43. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Koyama, K., Hamaguchi, K., Ueno, S., Kobayashi, N., Feigelson, E.D., 1996, “Discovery of Hard X-Rays from a Cluster of Protostars”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, 48, L87–L92. [External LinkADS]
Krucker, S., Benz, A.O., 1998, “Energy Distribution of Heating Processes in the Quiet Solar Corona”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 501, L213–L216. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kuhn, W.R., Atreya, S.K., 1979, “Ammonia photolysis and the greenhouse effect in the primordial atmosphere of the earth”, Icarus, 37, 207–213. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kulikov, Y.N., Lammer, H., Lichtenegger, H.I.M., Terada, N., Ribas, I., Kolb, C., Langmayr, D., Lundin, R., Guinan, E.F., Barabash, S., Biernat, H.K., 2006, “Atmospheric and water loss from early Venus”, Planet. Space Sci., 54, 1425–1444. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kulikov, Y.N., Lammer, H., Lichtenegger, H.I.M., Penz, T., Breuer, D., Spohn, T., Lundin, R., Biernat, H.K., 2007, “A Comparative Study of the Influence of the Active Young Sun on the Early Atmospheres of Earth, Venus, and Mars”, Space Sci. Rev., 129, 207–243. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Kutner, M.L., Rydgren, A.E., Vrba, F.J., 1986, “Detection of 6 CM radio emission from late-type PMS stars with weak chromospheric emission”, Astron. J., 92, 895–897. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Lahuis, F., van Dishoeck, E.F., Blake, G.A., Evans, II, N.J., Kessler-Silacci, J.E., Pontoppidan, K.M., 2007, “c2d Spitzer IRS Spectra of Disks around T Tauri Stars. III. [Ne II], [Fe I], and H2 Gas-Phase Lines”, Astrophys. J., 665, 492–511. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0704.2305]
Laming, J.M., Drake, J.J., Widing, K.G., 1995, “Stellar coronal abundances. 3: The solar first ionization potential effect determined from full-disk observation”, Astrophys. J., 443, 416–422. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Lammer, H., Stumptner, W., Molina-Cuberos, G.J., Bauer, S.J., Owen, T., 2000, “Nitrogen isotope fractionation and its consequence for Titan’s atmospheric evolution”, Planet. Space Sci., 48, 529–543. [External LinkADS]
Lammer, H., Lichtenegger, H.I.M., Kolb, C., Ribas, I., Guinan, E.F., Abart, R., Bauer, S.J., 2003a, “Loss of water from Mars: Implications for the oxidation of the soil”, Icarus, 165, 9–25. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Lammer, H., Selsis, F., Ribas, I., Guinan, E.F., Bauer, S.J., Weiss, W.W., 2003b, “Atmospheric Loss of Exoplanets Resulting from Stellar X-Ray and Extreme-Ultraviolet Heating”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 598, L121–L124. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Lammer, H., Lichtenegger, H.I.M., Biernat, H.K., Erkaev, N.V., Arshukova, I.L., Kolb, C., Gunell, H., Lukyanov, A., Holmstrom, M., Barabash, S., Zhang, T.L., Baumjohann, W., 2006, “Loss of hydrogen and oxygen from the upper atmosphere of Venus”, Planet. Space Sci., 54, 1445–1456. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Lee, T., Shu, F.H., Shang, H., Glassgold, A.E., Rehm, K.E., 1998, “Protostellar Cosmic Rays and Extinct Radioactivities in Meteorites”, Astrophys. J., 506, 898–912. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Liefke, C., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., 2006, “The coronal Ne/O abundance of α Centauri”, Astron. Astrophys., 458, L1–L4. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0609015]
Lim, J., White, S.M., 1996, “Limits to Mass Outflows from Late-Type Dwarf Stars”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 462, L91–L94. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Lin, R.P., Schwartz, R.A., Kane, S.R., Pelling, R.M., Hurley, K.C., 1984, “Solar hard X-ray microflares”, Astrophys. J., 283, 421–425. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Linsky, J.L., Wood, B.E., 1996, “The α Centauri Line of Sight: D/H Ratio, Physical Properties of Local Interstellar Gas, and Measurement of Heated Hydrogen (The ‘Hydrogen Wall’) Near the Heliopause”, Astrophys. J., 463, 254–270. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Linsky, J.L., Gagné, M., Mytyk, A., McCaughrean, M., Andersen, M., 2007, “Chandra Observations of the Eagle Nebula. I. Embedded Young Stellar Objects near the Pillars of Creation”, Astrophys. J., 654, 347–360. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0610279]
Luhmann, J.G., Johnson, R.E., Zhang, M.H.G., 1992, “Evolutionary impact of sputtering of the Martian atmosphere by O(+) pickup ions”, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 2151–2154. [External LinkADS]
Lundin, R., Barabash, S., 2004, “Evolution of the Martian atmosphere and hydrosphere: Solar wind erosion studied by ASPERA-3 on Mars Express”, Planet. Space Sci., 52, 1059–1071. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Lundin, R., Lammer, H., Ribas, I., 2007, “Planetary Magnetic Fields and Solar Forcing: Implications for Atmospheric Evolution”, Space Sci. Rev., 129, 245–278. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Lunine, J.I., Yung, Y.L., Lorenz, R.D., 1999, “On the volatile inventory of Titan from isotopic abundances in nitrogen and methane”, Planet. Space Sci., 47, 1291–1303. [External LinkADS]
Mackay, D.H., Jardine, M., Collier Cameron, A., Donati, J.-F., Hussain, G.A.J., 2004, “Polar caps on active stars: magnetic flux emergence and transport”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 354, 737–752. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Magazzù, A., Umana, G., Martín, E.L., 1999, “Radio emission from RASS sources south of Taurus-Auriga”, Astron. Astrophys., 346, 878–882. [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/9903125]
Maggio, A., Peres, G., 1997, “Loop modeling of coronal X-ray spectra. IV. One- and two-loop model fitting of ROSAT PSPC spectra: three test cases”, Astron. Astrophys., 325, 237–248. [External LinkADS]
Maggio, A., Sciortino, S., Vaiana, G.S., Majer, P., Bookbinder, J., Golub, L., Harnden Jr, F.R., Rosner, R., 1987, “Einstein Observatory survey of X-ray emission from solar-type stars: The late F and G dwarf stars”, Astrophys. J., 315, 687–699. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Maggio, A., Sciortino, S., Harnden Jr, F.R., 1994, “ROSAT X-ray observations of late-type evolved stars: On the relationship between coronal temperatures and luminosities”, Astrophys. J., 432, 701–709. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Mamajek, E.E., Lawson, W.A., Feigelson, E.D., 1999, “A radio survey of older T Tauri stars in the eta Chamaeleontis cluster”, Publ. Astron. Soc. Australia, 16, 257–61. [External LinkADS]
Mamajek, E.E., Lawson, W.A., Feigelson, E.D., 2000, “The η Chamaeleontis Cluster: Origin in the Sco-Cen OB Association”, Astrophys. J., 544, 356–374. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0005583]
Mangeney, A., Praderie, F., 1984, “The influence of convection and rotation on X-ray emission in main sequence stars”, Astron. Astrophys., 130, 143–150. [External LinkADS]
Mannings, V., Boss, A.P., Russell, S.S. (Eds.), 2000, Protostars and Planets IV , Refereed review chapters presented in early form at a conference held at the University of California, Santa Barbara in July 1998, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Marhas, K.K., Goswami, J.N., 2004, “Low energy particle production of short-lived nuclides in the early solar system”, New Astron. Rev., 48, 139–144. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Marino, A., Micela, G., Peres, G., Sciortino, S., 2002, “On X-ray variability in ROSAT-PSPC observations of F7-K2 stars”, Astron. Astrophys., 383, 210–217. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Marino, A., Micela, G., Peres, G., Sciortino, S., 2003a, “X-ray rotational modulation of a supersaturated star in IC 2391”, Astron. Astrophys., 407, L63–L66. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0307170]
Marino, A., Micela, G., Peres, G., Sciortino, S., 2003b, “X-ray variability of Pleiades late-type stars as observed with the ROSAT-PSPC”, Astron. Astrophys., 406, 629–638. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Marsden, S.C., Donati, J.-F., Semel, M., Petit, P., Carter, B.D., 2006, “Surface differential rotation and photospheric magnetic field of the young solar-type star HD 171488 (V889 Her)”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 370, 468–476. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Mathioudakis, M., Doyle, J.G., 1990, “Chromospheric/coronal emission correlations in ’quiescent’ and eruptive phenomena in M-dwarf stars”, Astron. Astrophys., 240, 357–359. [External LinkADS]
Mayor, M., Queloz, D., 1995, “A Jupiter-Mass Companion to a Solar-Type Star”, Nature, 378, 355–359. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
McIvor, T., Jardine, M., Collier Cameron, A., Wood, K., Donati, J.-F., 2003, “Polar fields for AB Doradus”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 345, 601–608. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0307210]
McKeegan, K.D., Chaussidon, M., Robert, F., 2000, “Incorporation of Short-Lived 10Be in a Calcium-Aluminum-Rich Inclusion from the Allende Meteorite”, Science, 289, 1334–1337. [External LinkADS]
Messina, S., Guinan, E.F., 2002, “Magnetic activity of six young solar analogues I. Starspot cycles from long-term photometry”, Astron. Astrophys., 393, 225–237. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Messina, S., Guinan, E.F., 2003, “Magnetic activity of six young solar analogues II. Surface Differential Rotation from long-term photometry”, Astron. Astrophys., 409, 1017–1030. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Mestel, L., 1984, “Angular momentum loss during pre-main sequence contraction”, in Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun: Third Cambridge Workshop, (Eds.) Baliunas, S.L., Hartmann, L., Proceedings of a meeting held in Cambridge, Massachusetts, October 5–7, 1983, pp. 49–59, Springer, Berlin, Germany; New York, U.S.A. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Metchev, S.A., Hillenbrand, L.A., 2004, “Initial Results from the Palomar Adaptive Optics Survey of Young Solar-Type Stars: A Brown Dwarf and Three Stellar Companions”, Astrophys. J., 617, 1330–1346. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0408528]
Meyer, B.S., Clayton, D.D., 2000, “Short-Lived Radioactivities and the Birth of the sun”, Space Sci. Rev., 92, 133–152. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Meyer, J.-P., 1985a, “The baseline composition of solar energetic particles”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 57, 151–171. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Meyer, J.-P., 1985b, “Solar-stellar outer atmospheres and energetic particles, and galactic cosmic rays”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 57, 173–204. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Micela, G., Sciortino, S., Kashyap, V., Harnden Jr, F.R., Rosner, R., 1996, “ROSAT Observations of the Pleiades. I. X-Ray Characteristics of a Coeval Stellar Population”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 102, 75–103. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Minton, D.A., Malhotra, R., 2007, “Assessing the massive young Sun hypothesis to solve the warm young Earth puzzle”, Astrophys. J., 660, 1700–1706. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Mitra-Kraev, U., Harra, L.K., Güdel, M., Audard, M., Branduardi-Raymont, G, Kay, H.R.M., Mewe, R., Raassen, A.J.J., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L., 2005, “Relationship between X-ray and ultraviolet emission of flares from dMe stars observed by XMM-Newton”, Astron. Astrophys., 431, 679–686. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Mojzsis, S.J., Arrhenius, G., McKeegan, K.D., Harrison, T.M., Nutman, A.P., Friend, C.R.L., 1996, “Evidence for life on Earth before 3,800 million years ago”, Nature, 384, 55–59. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Montesinos, B., Jordan, C., 1993, “On Magnetic Fields Stellar Coronae and Dynamo Action in Late Type Dwarfs”, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 264, 900–918. [External LinkADS]
Montmerle, T., 2001, “X-ray Irradiation and Feedback Effects on Circumstellar and Interstellar Matter”, in From Darkness to Light: Origin and Evolution of Young Stellar Clusters, (Eds.) Montmerle, T., André, P., vol. 243 of ASP Conference Series, pp. 731–744, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Montmerle, T., Koch-Miramond, L., Falgarone, E., Grindlay, J.E., 1983, “Einstein observations of the Rho Ophiuchi dark cloud: an X-ray Christmas tree”, Astrophys. J., 269, 182–201. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Montmerle, T., Grosso, N., Tsuboi, Y., Koyama, K., 2000, “Rotation and X-Ray Emission from Protostars”, Astrophys. J., 532, 1097–1110. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/9911379]
Mutel, R.L., Molnar, L.A., Waltman, E.B., Ghigo, F.D., 1998, “Radio Emission from Algol. I. Coronal Geometry and Emission Mechanisms Determined from VLBA and Green Bank Interferometer Observations”, Astrophys. J., 507, 371–383. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Muzerolle, J., Hillenbrand, L., Calvet, N., Briceño, C., Hartmann, L., 2003, “Accretion in Young Stellar/Substellar Objects”, Astrophys. J., 592, 266–281. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0304078]
Muzerolle, J., Luhman, K.L., Briceño, C., Hartmann, L., Calvet, N., 2005, “Measuring Accretion in Young Substellar Objects: Approaching the Planetary Mass Regime”, Astrophys. J., 625, 906–912. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0502023]
Ness, J.-U., Güdel, M., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Audard, M., Telleschi, A., 2004, “On the sizes of stellar X-ray coronae”, Astron. Astrophys., 427, 667–683. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0407231]
Neuhäuser, R., Sterzik, M.F., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Wichmann, R., Krautter, J., 1995, “ROSAT survey observation of T Tauri stars in Taurus.”, Astron. Astrophys., 297, 391–417. [External LinkADS]
Newkirk Jr, G., 1980, “Solar variability on time scales of 10 to the 5th years to 10 to the 9.6th years”, in The Ancient Sun: Fossil Record in the Earth, Moon and Meteorites, (Eds.) Pepin, R.O., Eddy, J.A., Merrill, R.B., Proceedings of the conference held at Boulder, Colorado, October 16 – 19, 1979, pp. 293–320, Pergamon Press, New York, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Nisbet, E.G., 2000, “The realms of Archaean life”, Nature, 405, 625–626
Nisbet, E.G., Sleep, N.H., 2001, “The habitat and nature of early life”, Nature, 409, 1083–1091. [External LinkADS]
Nomura, H., Millar, T.J., 2005, “Molecular hydrogen emission from protoplanetary disks”, Astron. Astrophys., 438, 923–938. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0505126]
Noyes, R.W., Hartmann, L.W., Baliunas, S.L., Duncan, D.K., Vaughan, A.H., 1984, “Rotation, convection, and magnetic activity in lower main-sequence stars”, Astrophys. J., 279, 763–777. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
O’Dell, C.R., 2001, “The Orion Nebula and its Associated Population”, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 39, 99–136. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
O’Neal, D., Feigelson, E.D., Mathieu, R.D., Myers, P.C., 1990, “A radio survey of weak T Tauri stars in Taurus-Auriga”, Astron. J., 100, 1610–1617. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Öpik, E.J., 1963, “Selective escape of gases”, Geophys. J. R. Astron. Soc., 7, 490–509
Orlando, S., Peres, G., Reale, F., 2000, “The Sun as an X-Ray Star. I. Deriving the Emission Measure Distribution versus Temperature of the Whole Solar Corona from theYohkoh/Soft X-Ray Telescope Data”, Astrophys. J., 528, 524–536. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Osten, R.A., Brown, A., 1999, “Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer Photometry of RS Canum Venaticorum Systems: Four Flaring Megaseconds”, Astrophys. J., 515, 746–761. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Owen, T., Cess, R.D., Ramanathan, V., 1979, “Enhanced CO2 greenhouse to compensate for reduced solar luminosity on early Earth”, Nature, 277, 640–642. [External LinkDOI]
Ozawa, H., Nagase, F., Ueda, Y., Dotani, T., Ishida, M., 1999, “Detection of Hard X-Rays from a Class I Protostar in the HH 24-26 Region in the Orion Molecular Cloud”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 523, L81–L84. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/9907277]
Pallavicini, R., Golub, L., Rosner, R., Vaiana, G.S., Ayres, T., Linsky, J.L., 1981, “Relations among stellar X-ray emission observed from Einstein, stellar rotation and bolometric luminosity”, Astrophys. J., 248, 279–290. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Pallavicini, R., Tagliaferri, G., Stella, L., 1990, “X-ray emission from solar neighbourhood flare stars - A comprehensive survey of EXOSAT results”, Astron. Astrophys., 228, 403–425. [External LinkADS]
Parker, E.N., 1958, “Dynamics of the Interplanetary Gas and Magnetic Fields”, Astrophys. J., 128, 664–676. [External LinkADS]
Parker, E.N., 1988, “Nanoflares and the solar X-ray corona”, Astrophys. J., 330, 474–479. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Parnell, C.E., Jupp, P.E., 2000, “Statistical Analysis of the Energy Distribution of Nanoflares in the Quiet Sun”, Astrophys. J., 529, 554–569. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Pascucci, I., Hollenbach, D., Najita, J., Muzerolle, J., Gorti, U., Herczeg, G.J., Hillenbrand, L.A., Kim, J.S., Carpenter, J.M., Meyer, M.R., Mamajek, E.E., Bouwman, J., 2007, “Detection of [Ne II] Emission from Young Circumstellar Disks”, Astrophys. J., 663, 383–393. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0703616]
Patten, B.M., Simon, T., 1996, “The Evolution of Rotation and Activity in Young Open Clusters: IC 2391”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 106, 489–531. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Pavlov, A.A., Kasting, J.F., Brown, L.L., Rages, K.A., Freedman, R., 2000, “Greenhouse warming by CH4 in the atmosphere of early Earth”, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 11 981–11 990. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Pearce, G., Harrison, R.A., Bromage, B.J.I., Pickering, A.G.M., 1992, “The relationship between global X-ray luminosity and flaring on the sun”, Astron. Astrophys., 253, 601–603. [External LinkADS]
Penz, T., Lammer, H., Kulikov, Y.N., Biernat, H.K., 2005, “The influence of the solar particle and radiation environment on Titan’s atmosphere evolution”, Adv. Space Res., 36, 241–250. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Penz, T., Erkaev, N.V., Kulikov, Y.N., Langmayr, D., Lammer, H., Micela, G., Cecchi-Pestelli, C., Biernat, H.K., Selsis, F., Barge, P., Deleuil, M., Léger, A., 2007, “Mass loss of “Hot Jupiters” – Implications for CoRoT discoveries. Part II: Long time thermal atmospheric evaporation modelling”, Planet. Space Sci., submitted
Peres, G., Orlando, S., Reale, F., Rosner, R., Hudson, H., 2000, “The Sun as an X-Ray Star. II. Using theYohkoh/Soft X-Ray Telescope-derived Solar Emission Measure versus Temperature to Interpret Stellar X-Ray Observations”, Astrophys. J., 528, 537–551. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Perryman, M.A.C., Lindegren, L., Kovalevsky, J., Hoeg, E., Bastian, U., Bernacca, P.L., Crézé, M., Donati, F., Grenon, M., van Leeuwen, F., van der Marel, H., Mignard, F., Murray, C.A., Le Poole, R.S., Schrijver, H., Turon, C., Arenou, F., Froeschlé, M., Petersen, C.S., 1997, “The HIPPARCOS Catalogue”, Astron. Astrophys., 323, L49–L52. [External LinkADS]
Pevtsov, A.A., Fisher, G.H., Acton, L.W., Longcope, D.W., Johns-Krull, C.M., Kankelborg, C.C., Metcalf, T.R., 2003, “The Relationship Between X-Ray Radiance and Magnetic Flux”, Astrophys. J., 598, 1387–1391. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Phillips, R.B., Lonsdale, C.J., Feigelson, E.D., 1991, “Milliarcsecond radio structure of weak-lined T Tauri stars”, Astrophys. J., 382, 261–269. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Phillips, R.B., Lonsdale, C.J., Feigelson, E.D., 1993, “Magnetic nonthermal activity in the T Tauri system”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 403, L43–L46. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Phillips, R.B., Lonsdale, C.J., Feigelson, E.D., Deeney, B.D., 1996, “Polarized Radio Emission From the Multiple T Tauri System HD 283447”, Astron. J., 111, 918–929. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Porto de Mello, G.F., da Silva, L., 1997, “HR 6060: The Closest Ever Solar Twin?”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 482, L89–92. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Preibisch, T., 1997, “ROSAT coronal temperatures of young late type stars”, Astron. Astrophys., 320, 525–539. [External LinkADS]
Preibisch, T., 2003a, “XMM-Newton study of the star forming region NGC 1333”, Astron. Astrophys., 401, 543–555. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Preibisch, T., 2003b, “XMM-Newton study of the Serpens star-forming region”, Astron. Astrophys., 410, 951–959. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Preibisch, T., Feigelson, E.D., 2005, “The Evolution of X-Ray Emission in Young Stars”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 160, 390–400. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0506052]
Preibisch, T., Zinnecker, H., 2001, “Deep Chandra X-Ray Observatory Imaging Study of the Very Young Stellar Cluster IC 348”, Astron. J., 122, 866–875. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Preibisch, T., Zinnecker, H., 2002, “X-Ray Properties of the Young Stellar and Substellar Objects in the IC 348 Cluster: The Chandra View”, Astron. J., 123, 1613–1628. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Preibisch, T., Neuhäuser, R., Alcala, J.M., 1995, “A giant X-ray flare on the young star P1724”, Astron. Astrophys., 304, L13+. [External LinkADS]
Preibisch, T., Kim, Y.-C., Favata, F., Feigelson, E.D., Flaccomio, E., Getman, K., Micela, G., Sciortino, S., Stassun, K., Stelzer, B., Zinnecker, H., 2005, “The Origin of T Tauri X-Ray Emission: New Insights from the Chandra Orion Ultradeep Project”, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 160, 401–422. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0506526]
Raassen, A.J.J., Mewe, R., Audard, M., Güdel, M., Behar, E., Kaastra, J.S., van der Meer, R.L.J., Foley, C.R., Ness, J.-U., 2002, “High-resolution X-ray spectroscopy of Procyon by Chandra and XMM-Newton”, Astron. Astrophys., 389, 228–238. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0204385]
Raassen, A.J.J., Ness, J.-U., Mewe, R., van der Meer, R.L.J., Burwitz, V., Kaastra, J.S., 2003, “Chandra-LETGS X-ray observation of α Centauri: A nearby (G2V + K1V) binary system”, Astron. Astrophys., 400, 671–678. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Randich, S., 2000, “Coronal activity among open cluster stars”, in Stellar Clusters and Associations: Convection, Rotation, and Dynamos, (Eds.) Pallavicini, R., Micela, G., Sciortino, S., Proceedings for a meeting held in Mondello, Palermo, Italy, 25–28 May, 1999, vol. 198 of ASP Conference Series, pp. 401–410, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Randich, S., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Prosser, C.F., Stauffer, J.R., 1996, “The X-ray properties of the young open cluster around α Persei”, Astron. Astrophys., 305, 785–805. [External LinkADS]
Ratzka, T., Leinert, C., Henning, T., Bouwman, J., Dullemond, C.P., Jaffe, W., 2007, “High spatial resolution mid-infrared observations of the low-mass young star TW Hydrae”, Astron. Astrophys., 471, 173–185. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:0707.0193]
Ray, T.P., Muxlow, T.W.B., Axon, D.J., Brown, A., Corcoran, D., Dyson, J., Mundt, R., 1997, “Large-scale magnetic fields in the outflow from the young stellar object T Tauri S”, Nature, 385, 415–417. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Reipurth, B., Jewitt, D., Keil, K. (Eds.), 2007, Protostars and Planets V , Proceedings of a conference held at the Hilton Waikoloa Village on the Big Island of Hawaii on October 24 – 28, 2005, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, U.S.A. [External LinkADS]
Ribas, I., Guinan, E.F., Güdel, M., Audard, M., 2005, “Evolution of the Solar Activity over Time and Effects on Planetary Atmospheres. I. High-Energy Irradiances (1-1700 Å)”, Astrophys. J., 622, 680–694. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0412253]
Rice, J.B., Strassmeier, K.G., 1996, “Doppler imaging of stellar surface structure. II. The weak-lined T Tauri star V410 Tauri”, Astron. Astrophys., 316, 164–172. [External LinkADS]
Rice, J.B., Strassmeier, K.G., 2001, “Doppler imaging of stellar surface structure. XVII. The solar-type Pleiades star HII 314 = V1038 Tauri”, Astron. Astrophys., 377, 264–272. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Robrade, J., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., 2006, “XMM-Newton X-ray spectroscopy of classical T Tauri stars”, Astron. Astrophys., 449, 737–747. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0601234]
Rodríguez, L.F., Myers, P.C., Cruz-González, I., Terebey, S., 1989, “Radio continuum observations of IRAS sources associated with dense cores”, Astrophys. J., 347, 461–467. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Rodríguez, L.F., Cantó, J., Torrelles, J.M., Gómez, J.F., Ho, P.T.P., 1992, “VLA imaging of a possible circumstellar disk around HL Tauri”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 393, L29–L31. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Rodríguez, L.F., Cantó, J., Torrelles, J.M., Gómez, J.F., Anglada, G., Ho, P.T.P., 1994, “Subarcsecond VLA maps of the disk and the jet in HL Tauri”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 427, L103–L106. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Rodríguez, L.F., Porras, A., Claussen, M.J., Curiel, S., Wilner, D.J., Ho, P.T.P., 2003, “The Binary Jet in L1551 IRS 5”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 586, L137–L139. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Romanova, M.M., Kulkarni, A., Long, M., Lovelace, R.V.E., Wick, J.V., Ustyugova, G.V., Koldoba, A.V., 2006, “2D and 3D MHD simulations of disk accretion by rotating magnetized stars: Search for variability”, Adv. Space Res., 38, 2887–2892. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0604116]
Rosner, R., Tucker, W.H., Vaiana, G.S., 1978, “Dynamics of the quiescent solar corona”, Astrophys. J., 220, 643–665. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Rye, R., Kuo, P.H., Holland, H.D., 1995, “Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations before 2.2 billion years ago”, Nature, 378, 603–605. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Saar, S.H., Brandenburg, A., 1999, “Time Evolution of the Magnetic Activity Cycle Period. II. Results for an Expanded Stellar Sample”, Astrophys. J., 524, 295–310. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Sackmann, I.-J., Boothroyd, A.I., 2003, “Our Sun. V. A Bright Young Sun Consistent with Helioseismology and Warm Temperatures on Ancient Earth and Mars”, Astrophys. J., 583, 1024–1039. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0210128]
Sagan, C., Chyba, C., 1997, “The early faint sun paradox: Organic shielding of ultraviolet-labile greenhouse gases”, Science, 276, 1217–1221. [External LinkADS]
Sagan, C., Mullen, G., 1972, “Earth and Mars: Evolution of Atmospheres and Surface Temperatures”, Science, 177, 52–56. [External LinkADS]
Saucedo, J., Calvet, N., Hartmann, L., Raymond, J., 2003, “The Spatial Distribution of Fluorescent H2 Emission near T Tauri”, Astrophys. J., 591, 275–282. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0304531]
Savage, B.D., Sembach, K.R., 1996, “Interstellar Abundances from Absorption-Line Observations with the Hubble Space Telescope”, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 34, 279–330. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Schmelz, J.T., Nasraoui, K., Roames, J.K., Lippner, L.A., Garst, J.W., 2005, “Neon Lights up a Controversy: The Solar Ne/O Abundance”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 634, L197–L200. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS], [External LinkarXiv:astro-ph/0510230]
Schmitt, J.H.M.M., 1997, “Coronae on solar-like stars”, Astron. Astrophys., 318, 215–230. [External LinkADS]
Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Kürster, M., 1993, “A Spatially Resolved X-ray Image of a Star Like the Sun”, Science, 262, 215–218. [External LinkADS]
Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Collura, A., Sciortino, S., Vaiana, G.S., Harnden Jr, F.R., Rosner, R., 1990, “Einstein Observatory coronal temperatures of late-type stars”, Astrophys. J., 365, 704–728. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Fleming, T.A., Giampapa, M.S., 1995, “The X-Ray View of the Low-Mass Stars in the Solar Neighborhood”, Astrophys. J., 450, 392–400. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS]
Schramm, D.N., Steigman, G., Dearborn, D.S.P., 1990, “Main-sequence mass loss and the lithium dip”, Astrophys. J. Lett., 359, L55–L58. [External LinkDOI], [External LinkADS