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16 Appendix E: On-board Plasma and Magnetic Field Instrumentation

In this section, we briefly describe the working principle of two popular instruments commonly used on board spacecraft to measure magnetic field and plasma parameters. For sake of brevity, we will only concentrate on one kind of plasma and field instruments, i.e., the top-hat ion analyzer and the flux-gate magnetometer. Ample review on space instrumentation of this kind can be found, for example, in Pfaff et al. (1998a,bJump To The Next Citation Point).


 16.1 Plasma instrument: The top-hat
 16.2 Measuring the velocity distribution function
 16.3 Computing the moments of the velocity distribution function
 16.4 Field instrument: The flux-gate magnetometer

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