Vol. 2 (2005) > lrsp-2005-1

doi: 10.12942/lrsp-2005-1
Living Rev. Solar Phys. 2 (2005), 1

Large-Scale Dynamics of the Convection Zone and Tachocline

1 High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 3450 Mitchell Lane, Boulder, CO 80301, U.S.A.

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Article Abstract

The past few decades have seen dramatic progress in our understanding of solar interior dynamics, prompted by the relatively new science of helioseismology and increasingly sophisticated numerical models. As the ultimate driver of solar variability and space weather, global-scale convective motions are of particular interest from a practical as well as a theoretical perspective. Turbulent convection under the influence of rotation and stratification redistributes momentum and energy, generating differential rotation, meridional circulation, and magnetic fields through hydromagnetic dynamo processes. In the solar tachocline near the base of the convection zone, strong angular velocity shear further amplifies fields which subsequently rise to the surface to form active regions. Penetrative convection, instabilities, stratified turbulence, and waves all add to the dynamical richness of the tachocline region and pose particular modeling challenges. In this article we review observational, theoretical, and computational investigations of global-scale dynamics in the solar interior. Particular emphasis is placed on high-resolution global simulations of solar convection, highlighting what we have learned from them and how they may be improved.

Keywords: Meridional circulation, Turbulence, Differential rotation, Shear, Convection, Dynamo theory, Tachocline

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Since a Living Reviews in Solar Physics article may evolve over time, please cite the access <date>, which uniquely identifies the version of the article you are referring to:

Mark S. Miesch,
"Large-Scale Dynamics of the Convection Zone and Tachocline",
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Article History

ORIGINAL http://www.livingreviews.org/lrsp-2005-1
Title Large-Scale Dynamics of the Convection Zone and Tachocline
Author Mark S. Miesch
Date accepted 18 March 2005, published 22 April 2005
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